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VOL. III. 



NOVEMBER, 1881. 



No. 2. 



The Glor// of O-od is Intelligence. 



THE 




OJfTJti BUTOR 



A Monthly Magazine of Home Literature. 

REPRESENTS 

THE YOUNG MEN'S AND YOUNG LADIES' MUTUAL IMPROVEMENT 
ASSOCIATIONS OF THE LATTER-DAY SAINTS. 



EDITED AND PUBLISHED BY JUNIUS F, WELLS. 



SAM LAKE CITY, UTAH. 



THE CONTRIBUTOR. 

CONTENTS FOR NOVEMBER, 1881. 

PAGF. 

Sermons and Writings of the Prophet Joseph. II. Priesthood 33 

Glacier Motion J. B. Toronto 36 

Feramorz L. Young Moses Thatcher 38 

Chronology of the Hindoos. II , y/nt. Fotheringham 42 

Miracles Geo. Reynolds 44 

Reply to Ingersoll. I Fera. /.. Young 46 

A Storm in the Mountains Roy Kenneth 49 

The Echo Canon War. I Vaiix....*. 50 

A Consecrated Life H. W. Aaisbitt 55 

Editorial: Orson Pratt 58 

Chronicles of Utah. IX Beta 61 

Association Intelligence: Model Programme 63 

Answers to Questions 63 

Questions and Answers 64 

. Questions to Answer 64 

Publications Received 64 




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THE CONTRIBUTOR. 



The Glory of God is Intelligence. 



Vol. III. 



NOVEMBER, 1881. 



No. 2. 



SERMONS AND WRITINGS OF THE PROPHET JOSEPH. 



PRIESTHOOD. 

June, 1839. — In reply to many in- 
quiries, I gave an explanation of the 
Priesthood, and many principles con- 
nected therewith, of which the following 
is a brief synopsis : 

The Priesthood was first given to 
Adam ; he obtained the First Presidency, 
and held the keys of it from generation 
to generation. He obtained it in the 
creation, before the world was formed, 
as in Gen. i, 20, 26, 28. He had domin- 
ion given him over every living creature. 
He is Michael the Arch-angel, spoken 
of in the Scriptures; then to Noah, 
who is Gabriel; he stands next in autho- 
rity to Adam in the Priesthood; he was 
called of God to this office, and was the 
father of all living in his day, and to 
him was given the dominion. These 
men held keys first on Earth, and then 
in Heaven. 

The Priesthood is an everlasting 
principle, and exisited with God from 
eternity, and will to eternity, without 
beginning of days or end of years. 
The keys have to be brought from 
heaven whenever the Gospel is sent. 
When they are revealed from heaven, it 
is by Adam's authority. Daniel vii, 
speaks of the Ancient of Days ; he means 
the oldest man, our Father Adam, Mi- 
chael; he will call his children together 
and hold a council with them to prepare 
them for the coming of the Son of Man. 
He (Adam) is the Father of the human 
family, and presides over the spirits of 
all men, and all that have had the keys 
must stand before him in this grand 
council. This may take place before 



some of us leave this stage of action. 
The Son of Man stands before him, and 
there is given him glory and dominion. 
Adam delivers up his stewardship to 
Christ, that which was delivered to him 
as holding the keys of the Universe, 
but retains his standing as head of the 
human family. 

The spirit of man is not a created 
being; it existed from eternity, and will 
exist to eternity. Anything created can- 
not be eternal; and earth, water, etc., had 
their existence in an elementary state, 
from eternity. Our Savior speaks of 
children and says, their angels always 
stand before my Father. The Father 
called all spirits before him at the crea- 
tion of man, and organized them. He 
(Adam) is the head, and was told to 
multiply. The keys were first given to 
him, and by him to others. He will 
have to give an account of his steward- 
ship, and they to him. 

The Priesthood is everlasting. The 
Savior, Moses and Elias gave the 
keys to Peter, James and John, on the 
mount, when they were transfigured be- 
fore him. The Priesthood is everlasting 
— without beginning of days or end of 
years; without father, mother, etc. If 
there is no change of ordinances, there 
is no change of Priesthood. Wherever' 
the ordinances of the Gospel are admin- 
istered, there is the Priesthood. 

How have we come at the Priesthood 
in the last days? It came down, down, 
in regular succession. Peter, James, 
and John had it given to them, and they 
gave it to others. Christ is the Great 
High Priest; Adam next. Paul speaks- 



34 



SERMONS AND WRITINGS OF THE PROPHET. 



of the Church coming to an innumerable 
company of angels — to God the Judge of 
all — the spirits of just men made perfect; 
to Jesus the Mediator of the new cove- 
nant, etc. Heb. xii, 23. 

I saw Adam in the valley of Adam- 
ondi-Ahman. He called together his 
children and blessed them with a patriar- 
chal blessing. The Lord appeared in 
their midst, and he (Adam) blessed them 
all, and foretold what should befall them 
to the latest generation. See Doc. and 
Cov., Sec. cvii, pars. 53 — 56. 

This is why Abraham blessed his 
posterity; he wanted to bring them into 
the presence of God. They looked for 
a city, etc. Moses sought to bring the 
children of Israel into the presence of 
God, through the power of the Priest- 
hood, but he could not. In the first ages 
of the world they tried to establish the 
same thing; and there were Eliases 
raised up who tried to restore these very 
glories, but did not obtain them; but 
they prophesied of a day when this 
glory would be revealed. Paul spoke of 
the dispensation of the fulness of times, 
when God would gather together all 
things in one, etc.; and those men to 
whom these keys have been given, will 
have to be there; and they without us 
cannot be made perfect. 

These men are in heaven, but their 
children are on earth. Their bowels 
yearn over us. God sends down men 
for this reason, Matt, xiii, 41 : And the 
Son of Man shall send forth his angels, 
etc. All these authoritative characters 
will come down and join hand in hand in 
bringing about this work. 
. The Kingdom of Heaven is like a 
grain of mustard seed. The mustard 
seed is small, but brings forth a large 
tree, and the fowls lodge in the branches. 
The fowls are the angels. Thus angels 
come down, combine together to gather 
their children, and gather them. We can- 
not be made perfect without them, nor they 
without us; when these things are done, 
the Son of Man will descend, the Ancient 
of Days sit; we may come to an innu- 
merable company of angels, have com- 
munion with and receive instruction 
from them. Paul told about Moses' 



proceedings; spoke of the children of 
Israel being baptized, etc. He knew 
this, and that all the ordinances and 
blessings were in the Church. Paul had 
these things, and we may have the fowls 
of heaven lodge in the branches, etc. 

The Horn made war with the Saints 
and overcome them, etc., until the 
Ancient of Days came; judgment was 
given to the Saints of the Most High 
from the Ancient of Days; the time 
came that the Saints possessed the King- 
dom. This not only makes us ministers 
here, but in eternity. 

Salvation cannot come without revela- 
tion; it is in vain for any one to minister 
without it. No man is a minister of 
Jesus Christ without being a Prophet. 
No man can be a minister of Jesus 
Christ except he has the testimony of 
Jesus; and this is the spirit of prophecy. 
Whenever salvation has been adminis- 
tered, it has been by testimony. Men 
of the present time testify of heaven and 
of hell, and have never seen either; and 
I will say that no man knows these 
things without this. 

Men profess to prophesy. I will pro- 
phesy that the signs of the coming of the 
Son of Man are already commenced. 
One pestilence will desolate after another. 
We shall soon have war and bloodshed. 
The moon will be turned into blood. I 
testify of these things, and that the com- 
ing of the Son of Man is nigh, even at 
your doors. If our souls and our bodies 
are not looking forth for the coming or 
the Son of Man; and after we are dead, 
if we are not looking forth, etc. ; we shall 
be among those who are calling for the 
rocks to fall upon us, etc. 

The hearts of the children of men will 
have to be turned to the fathers, and the 
fathers to the children, living or dead, to 
prepare them for the coming of the Son 
of Man. If Elijah did not come, the 
whole earth would be smitten. 

There will be here and there a Stake 
for the gathering of the Saints. Some 
may have cried peace, but the Saints and 
the world will have little peace from 
henceforth. Let this not hinder us from 
going to the Stakes: for God has told us 
to flee, not dallying, or we shall be scat- 



SERMONS AND WRITINGS OF THE PROPHET. 



35 



tered, one here, and another there. 
There your children shall be Messed, 
and you in the midst of friends where 
you may be blessed. The Gospel net 
gathers of every kind. 

I prophesy that that man who tarries 
after he has the opportunity of going, 
will be afflicted by the devil. Wars are 
at hand; we must not delay; but are not 
required to sacrifice. We ought to have 
the building up of Zion as our greatest 
object. When wars come, we shall have 
to flee to Zion. The cry is to make haste. 
The last Revelation says, "Ye shall not 
have time to have gone over the earth, 
until these things come." It will come 
as did the cholera, war, fires, and earth- 
quakes; one pestilence after another, 
etc., until the Ancient of Days come, 
then judgment will be given to the Saints. 
Whatever you may hear about me or 
Kirtland, take no notice of it; for if it 
be a place of refuge, the devil will use 
his greatest efforts to trap the Saints. 
You must make yourselves acquainted 
with those men who, like Daniel, pray 
three times a day to the House of the 
Lord. Look to the Presidency and 
receive instruction. Every man who is 
afraid, covetous, etc., will be taken in a 
snare. The time is soon coming, when 
no man will have any peace but in Zion 
and her Stakes. 

I saw men hunting the lives of their 
own sons,and brother murdering brother, 
women killing their own daughters, and 
daughters seeking the lives of their 
mothers. I saw armies arrayed against 
armies. I saw blood, desolation, fires, 
etc. The Son of Man has said that the 
mother shall be against the daughter.and 
the daughter against the mother, etc. 
These things are at our doors. They will 
follow the Saints of God from city to 
city. Satan will rage, and the spirit of 
the devil is now enraged. I know not how 
soon these things will take place ; and 
with a view of them, shall I cry peace? 
No ! I will lift up my voice and testify of 
them. How long you will have good 
crops, and the famine be kept off, I do not 
know; when the fig tree leaves, know 
then that the summer is nigh at hand. 
We may look for angels and receive 



their ministration, but we are to try the 
spirits and prove them, for it is often the 
case that men make a mistake in regard to 
these things. God has so ordained that 
when He has communicated, no vision is 
to be taken but what you see by the 
seeing of the eye, or what you hear by 
the hearing of the ear. When you see a 
vision, pray for the interpretation; if you 
get not this, shut it up; there must be 
certainty in this matter. An open vision 
will manifest that which is more import- 
ant. Lying spirits are going forth in the 
earth. There will be great manifesta- 
tions of spirit, both false and true. 

Being born again, comes by the 
Spirit of God through ordinances. An 
angel of God never has wings. Some 
will say that they have seen a spirit; 
that he offered them his hand, but they 
did not touch it. This is a lie. First, 
it is contrary to the plan of God ; a spirit 
cannot come but in glory; an angel has 
flesh and bones; we see not their glory. 
The devil may appear as an angel of 
light. Ask God to reveal it; if it be of 
the devil, he will flee from you; if of 
God, He will manifest Himself, or make 
it manifest. We may come to Jesus and 
ask him; he will know all about it; if he 
comes to a little child, he will adapt 
himself to the language and capacity of 
a little child. 

Every spirit, or vision, or singing, is 
not of God. The devil is an orator; he 
is powerful; he took our Savior on to a 
pinnacle of the Temple, and kept him in 
the wilderness for forty days. The gift 
of discerning spirits will be given to the 
presiding elder. Pray for him that he 
may have this gift. Speak not in the 
gift of tongues without understanding it, 
or without interpretation. The devil can 
speak in tongues; the adversary will 
come with his work; he can tempt all 
classes; can speak in English or Dutch. 
Let no one speak in tongues unless he in- 
terpret, except by the consent of the one 
who is placed to preside ; then he may dis- 
cern or interpret, or another may. Let 
us seek for the glory of Abraham, Noah, 
Adam, the Apostles, who have communion 
with these things, and then we shall be 
among that number when Christ comes. 



36 



GLACIER MOTION. 



GLACIER MOTION. 



In our last article, we said something 
of the wonderful glaciers of Switzerland, 
Greenland and other countries, but still 
the subject is not exhausted, and we 
shall no doubt find a great deal to inter- 
est us in regard to the motion of these 
immense fields of ice and also their 
utility. 

The first direct proof of glacier motion 
was made some fifty years ago on the 
Aar glacier in Switzerland. A hunter's 
cabin was built on the ice, and its posi- 
tion definitely fixed with reference to 
surrounding immovable objects. It was 
visited from one year to another by 
scientific men, who had no difficulty in 
discovering the fact that the cabin kept 
constantly moving on each year, at the 
rate of about three hundred and thirty 
feet per annum. More careful study was 
afterward devoted to the subject and 
many laws unknown before were dis- 
covered. 

In order to ascertain whether there is 
any difference in the rate of motion of the 
center and the sides, rows of stakes were 
driven across the direction of the glacier, 
and on visiting these from time to time, 
it was found, that instead of the stakes 
being ranged in a straight line, as when 
they were first put, those near the center 
had gone down much faster than those 
near the margins, so that they stretched 
across in the shape of a curve. This 
proved at once the fact that the center 
moves faster than the margins. The 
sides in their progress are impeded by 
friction against the surface of the ground 
in contact with them, and they are kept 
back like the water in a stream, as we 
can very readily prove by throwing leaves 
near the center and the sides. 

Stakes were driven into the sides of a 
glacier that happened to be thus ex- 
posed, so as to be ranged one directly 
above the other and on examining them 
from time to time, the upper ones were 
found to be moving much faster than the 
lower ones, so that they were then ranged 
in an oblique line, proving that the 
upper part'moved faster than the lower. 
The reason for this is the same as that 



assigned above, that is, the friction of 
the mass of ice on the ground impedes 
the progress, while the ice near the sur- 
face is not thus hindered. 

In some parts of Switzerland these seas 
of ice move much faster than in other 
parts, and even the same glacier does 
not have the same velocity throughout 
the whole length of its course. This 
difference in velocity was found to be 
due entirely to the change of slope, for 
wherever the grade is steeper, the ice 
flows faster, as in a stream of water. 

In the summer season, when the ice is 
partly melted and the pores are filled 
with liquid, the motion is more rapid 
than in winter when all is frozen hard; 
that is, the more nearly the ice approaches 
a fluid state the more easily will it 
flow. A common illustration of this is 
seen in molasses candy,which when cold, 
is hard and almost as brittle as glass, 
but on raising the temperature it becomes 
more and more plastic and less brittle, 
until finally it changes to a liquid that 
will flow almost as readily as water. 
The rate of motion increases also with 
the depth of the ice, as has been proven 
by comparing the motion of the glaciers 
of Switzerland with those of Greenland. 
In the former country, where the depth 
is two or three hundred feet, the rate is 
not more than two or three feet per day, 
but in the latter, where the depth is two 
or three thousand feet, the rate is about 
sixty feet, notwithstanding the fact that 
the temperature is so much lower that 
the hard and brittle ice flows less easily. 

The motion of the ice also conforms to 
the irregularities of the channel, and the 
line of swiftest motion, near the center, 
bends more than the channel, as in a 
river. Thus in every respect it has been 
found that the ice stream moves exactly 
in accordance with the general laws of 
a fluid stream like water, so that this 
fact has led to the first theory advanced 
to explain the motion of glaciers. This 
theory, first propounded by Forbes, is 
called the Viscosity Theory. 

A substance is said to be viscous 
when it is thick like molasses, tar or 



GLACIER MOTION. 



37 



honey. Now Forbes supposed that 
ice is more or less viscous, like the sub- 
stances already mentioned, and hence 
when piled up in large quantities as in 
the valleys of the Alps, it would tend to 
flatten out, and flow off like a large 
mass of tar or pitch. In a liquid the 
particles move among each other with 
perfect freedom, but there are some sub- 
stances, as honey and oils, where the 
particles seem to cohere with greater 
force and hence they move among each 
other with less ease. Other substances 
can, by pressure, be made to assume 
various shapes; such bodies are called 
plastic; while in the case of soft iron, 
the particles cohere with so much force, 
that we must hammer it in order to make 
it assume any desired form. Such a 
body would be called malleable, while 
brittle bodies are those that can not be 
made to change their form either by 
hammering or pressure without breaking. 
From the above illustration it will be 
seen that it is difficult to tell when the 
viscous state ends, and perfect brittle- 
ness is reached. Ice then may be con- 
sidered as still possessing some of the 
elements of fluidity, and like a barrel of 
pitch, when left to sustain itself, will 
begin to flow down hill, just like a stream 
of water, only the motion will be much 
less rapid. 

When the great scientist Tyndall at- 
tempted to prove this he found that 
serious objections came in his way, so 
that he advanced a theory of his own, 
called the Regelation Theory. The 
word regelation means re-freezing, and 
we shall soon discover the appropriate- 
ness of the term. Tyndall thought that 
if ice were viscous at all, it could be 
very easily moulded, by constantly and 
gradually applied pressure, but instead 
he found that ice would break in small 
pieces,and these slipping over each other 
would occupy new positions, and where 
they came in contact with each other, 
they would freeze together again and thus 
become as solid as before, and would so 
remain until the pressure changed their 
positions again. He discovered that 
when a piece of ice is broken and 
the parts brought together they would 



unite immediately, even though boiling 
water were poured over them at the time. 
So ice can be very easily moulded into 
any form by pressure, but the change is 
produced by the breaking up of the ice 
into small fragments and these freezing 
and re-freezing to each other. So the 
great sea of ice, by reason of its great 
weight, is crushed into small particles 
and these move over each other very 
much like the particles of water. In 
this way then may we explain he 
motions of a glacier. 

But since these theories have been 
advanced it has been discovered that 
long slabs of ice if supported only at 
their ends would gradually bend a little, 
thus indicating a very small degree of 
viscosity. This fact then has led the mod- 
ern scientist to the conclusion that there 
is truth in both the theories, and that 
by combining them we have the true 
theory. 

The winds that blow from the equator 
through the upper regions of the atmos- 
phere, toward the temperate and polar 
regions, must carry along with them a 
great deal of heat that they acquired 
when under the tropical sun, and this 
heat they dispense in those colder re- 
gions wherever they may happen to come 
down, and likewise the ocean currents 
that move from the equator to the poles. 
The cold returning currents must 
absorb a great deal of heat when they 
come into the hot regions near the equator 
and in this way moderate the heat of the 
tropics. 

The vast amount of moisture that 
must evaporate in warm regions, uses 
up a great deal of heat and carries it 
away to the colder regions of the temper- 
ate and frigid zones. But the heat thus 
carried away is not sensible to the touch, it 
is what the philosophers call latent heat, 
that is, heat lying hid. But when this 
invisible vapor is turned into globules 
of water as in clouds, and rain, or fro- 
zen into solid ice, as in snow and hail, 
all the heat that lay hidden is given out 
as sensible heat, and thus we see another 
cause that tends to remove heat from the 
equator and carry it to the regions far- 
ther north and south. 



3§ 



FERAMORZ L. YOUNG. 



The vast quantities of snow and ice 
that would be collected in the polar 
regions, and in valleys of high moun- 
tains, would soon fill up all such places 
and pile up in unlimited quantities, if 
nature had not provided some means of 
carrying them away. The means em- 
ployed are the glaciers. In polar regions 
where these rivers of ice lie on the low- 
est ground, they flow down to the ocean, 
and are there broken up in pieces, and 
carried by marine currents to warmer 
latitudes, and in melting there, the heat 
is greatly moderated. 

If all these causes did not conspire to 



equalize the temperature of the different 
parts of our earth, the heat near the 
equator would no doubt be so great that 
those regions would be uninhabitable) 
and the same would likely be the 
case with those parts near the poles in 
consequence of the extreme cold. All 
the various phenomena in nature seem 
to be intended for some good and wise 
purpose, though in many cases we may 
not understand how. J. B. Toronto. 



It is not enough to possess great 
qualities; we must also have the man- 
agement of them. 



FERAMORZ L. YOUNG. 



The third of October, 1881, will long 
be remembered in Salt Lake City as a 
day of gloom. In the morning of that 
day, Apostle Orson Pratt died. Scarce- 
ly had the sad intelligence of his death 
been circulated among the people, when 
a telegram from Apostle Moses Thatcher 
was received from New York, conveying 
the mournful news that his missionary 
companion, Elder Feramorz L. Young? 
had died of typhoid fever, at sea, and 
his body buried in the deep, about one 
hundred miles from the port of Havana. 
The shock occasioned by this double 
cause of sorrow was augmented in the 
afternoon by the fatal accident which 
occurred on the Temple block; Brother 
William Pullen, a faithful laborer there, 
falling from the walls to the basement, 
mangling his body horribly, and causing 
his death in a few hours. The announce- 
ment of Brother Fera's death — so unex- 
pected, and in the very morning of his 
manhood — was a withering blow to his 
family and friends, whose hearts have 
glowed with delight in comtemplating 
the course of his young life and the 
prospects before him. 

Feramorz Little Young, was the son of 
President Young and Sister Lucy Decker 
Young — and his mother's youngest boy. 
He was born in Salt Lake City, Utah, 
September 1 6th, 1858. His childhood 
was passed at home attending school; at 



first at his father's private schoolhouse 
and afterwards at the Deseret Univer- 
sity, where he prepared himself for the 
appointment to the Unites States Naval 
Academy, at Annapolis, Maryland, 
which he received from Delegate George 
Q. Cannon. He entered the Academy 
September, 1874, and continued there, 
pursuing his studies very successfully, 
for two years, when he resigned, in com- 
pliance with his father's suggestion, and 
proceeded to Troy, New York. He en- 
tered the Polytechnic Institution there,in 
January, 1877, passing a successful ex- 
amination and taking up his studies with 
the class in the third year of the college 
course. His scholastic record was a 
remarkably good one, he passing every 
examination and graduating with honor in 
June, 1879. Many incidents of his col- 
lege life are remembered by his class- 
mates, who unite in speaking of him in 
the highest terms of praise as a refined, 
unassuming gentleman and scholar. 

On his return home he commenced 
business, but had scarcely started when 
he was called upon a mission to Mexico. 
The incidents of his mission and the 
faith and lofty principles, which his ex- 
perience there developed, are best told in 
the following sketch of his labors and 
of the closing hours of his life, by his 
President and fellow missionary, Apostle 
Moses Thatcher: 



FERAMORZ L. YOUNG. 



39 



Elder Feramorz L. Young was called 
to accompany me to Mexico on a mission 
in October, 1880, leaving Utah for that 
field of labor November of the same 
year, and reached the Mexican capital, 
having gone via Omaha, Chicago, New 
Orleans and across the Gulf to Vera 
Cruz, on December 5th following. 

He entered at once upon the duties of 
his calling and made rapid progress in 
the acquirement of the Spanish lan- 
guage. The change of climate, water 
and food effected his health during the 
first few weeks, but he soon overcame 
that trouble, to which nearly all foreigners 
are subjected on visiting that inland 
city, and for some time greatly improved, 
becoming fleshy, full of spirit and life. 

On the 6th of April, i88r, he accom- 
panied Elders Thatcher, Stewart and 
several native brethren in their ascent 
of the volcanic mount, Popocatepetl, 
where conference was held and the 
general authorities of the Church and 
those of the Mexican mission were unan- 
imously sustained by all present, and the 
Republic of Mexico dedicated to the 
Lord God of Israel, for the opening up 
of the Gospel among the remnants of 
Jacob in that land. 

At the base of a huge belt of volcanic 
rock, an altar of God's own building, 
Elder Young poured forth in prayer the 
inmost feelings of his soul. Thousands 
of feet above the confusion and contam- 
inating influence of fallen man, breathing 
the pure air of heaven and surrounded 
with influences divine, his spirit was 
quickened, and he prayed as never before, 
for Zion and her interests, for God's 
people and the honest throughout the 
world; for the tempted who fall and the 
weak who err; for light, truth, and know- 
ledge — a testimony that abideth forever, 
leads safe through life and conquers 
death. 

On the 20th of June following, Elder 
Young officiated in the baptism of three 
persons belonging to one family — father, 
mother and daughter. In the perform- 
ance of this duty he experienced great joy, 
having traveled some eight miles in order 
to secure a suitable place for performing 
the ordinance of immersion. 



He labored faithfully and well, render- 
ing good service in writing in the Spanish 
language from verbal translations from 
the English by Elder James Z. Stewart. 

During the greater part of the time 
while in Mexico he was a close student 
of the Bible, Book of Mormon and 
Doctrine and Covenants. He was tho- 
rough, doing whatever he undertook well. 
His mind was of an enquiring turn, and 
for one so young he possessed remark- 
able talent as a profound reasoner,tracing 
with ease effects to the causes producing 
them. He weighed carefully what he 
heard and read upon doctrinal points, 
testing all by the standard of reve- 
lation, ancient and modern. He enter- 
tained profound respect for the Holy 
Priesthood, and sincerely venerated the 
servants of God upon whom it has been 
conferred. Having faith in God, he 
sought diligently and prayerfully to 
comprehend the scheme of human re- 
demption and the power of godliness, 
and, drinking deep at the fountain of 
light and truth, was always ready to give 
a reason for the hope that was in him. 

He was nevertheless modest and un- 
assuming, in nothing appearing self-right- 
eous. He lived an exceptionally pure 
life and it appeared natural for him to do 
so; but temptations were really resisted 
by him and overcome through reliance 
upon God and a well-defined sense of 
right, and a knowledge of the sad results 
following wrong doing. 

He recognized the new and everlast- 
ing covenant and the faithful observance 
of its requirements to be the only key 
which can unlock the door of Celestial 
glory and lead to power, dominion and 
endless lives. The knowledge of this 
great truth enabled him to be willing, 
as he has expressed in his private writ- 
ings, to lay, if necessary, all earthly 
prospects of happiness upon the altar of 
sacrifice and serve God unselfishly. 

Having been honorably released, he 
assisted me in putting the affairs of the 
mission in shape to place under the 
charge and watchcare of Elder August 
Wilcken. , ' 

On the morning of September 6th, he 
rose early and took a walk nearly out to 



4° 



FERAMORZ L. YOUNG. 



the Castle of Chapultepec, a distance of 
about two miles, and immediately on his 
return commenced to purge severely. 
This continued more or less severe for 
two days, and was followed by slight 
fever in the early evenings. The fever 
did not appear to increase, though it 
seemed to debilitate him, and he had 
a variable appetite. I was under the 
impression that he was laboring under a 
slight attack of chills and fever and so 
he and our friends thought. All of us 
believing that a change, especially a 
sea voyage, would restore him to his 
usual health. 

We left the City of Mexico for home on 
the evening of September 15, and on the 
following day, at 4 p.m., reached Vera 
Cruz. He stood the trip by rail in an 
English coach, a distance of two hundred 
and sixty-three miles, very well indeed, 
seeming in as good condition as when 
leaving. We expected to go at once on 
board the steamer " Knickerbocker," 
then lying in the harbor, but were 
prevented by the prevalence of a strong 
"norther." We put up at the Hotel 
Diligence, immediately in front of the 
beautiful little park of the city. The 
16th of September is the anniversary 
of Mexican independence, and was 
enthusiastically celebrated at the city of 
Vera Cruz; it was also Elder Young's 
birthday, he being twenty-three years of 
age. He remarked with a laugh that it 
was considerate and kind of the Mexican 
people to celebrate, in such a hearty 
manner, his anniversary and said they 
could outdo our fourth of July displays. 

On the morning of the 17th we went 
on board the steamer, Brother Young 
steering the little boat that carried us 
from the quay. 

On reaching the steamer he acted 
upon the impression that a person would 
suffer less from sea sickness after a 
purge,he therefore took Seidlitz powders, 
which operated severely and were not 
checked until he was much weakened, 
but that trouble was finally overcome by 
the use of bismuth powder, prescribed 
by the physcian of the vessel, J. L. 
Vialet. 
Having freight to deliver at Tuxpan, 



we were compelled to sail a distance 
of one hundred and twenty-seven miles 
directly out of our course and were 
therefore detained thirty hours, which 
with former detentions,put us nearly four 
days behind time, for we were unable to 
leave Vera Cruz until Sunday evening, 
September 18th. Sailed from Tuxpan 
at 5 p.m. on the 19th, for Frontera, a 
distance of three hundred miles, which 
was reached at 9 a.m. of the 21st. 
Leaving Frontera at 4 p.m. same day, 
we sailed one hundred and thirty-five 
miles to Campeachy, arriving at 8 p.m. 
of the 22d. This day was exceedingly 
hot and Elder Young showed unfavor- 
able symptoms and looked quite ill. 
During the evening I questioned him 
regarding his feelings in reference to his 
condition. To my astonishment he re- 
plied "I think the Lord will take (or call) 
me home." I kindly chided him for 
what appeared to me a feeling of despon- 
dency, and endeavored to reason with 
him upon the importance of keeping up 
good cheer and having faith in God, 
whose servant he was, and in whose 
work he had been engaged as a minister 
of life and salvation. I further reminded 
him of the promise to which he should 
cling and told him that I could entertain 
no such feelings regarding himself. He 
replied that he desired much to return 
home if it were right and the will of the 
Lord for him to do so ; and that should 
God spare his life he was willing to 
serve Him all his days in the work of 
human salvation. 

I administered to him and we spent 
the night together on the sofas of the 
saloon, where we had the benefit of the 
breezes. The 23d was another hot 
day and Elder Young manifested per- 
ceptible increase of fever, and at times 
was slightly delirious. We had reached 
Progress, on the coast of Yucatan, re- 
maining there two days and one night. 
September 24th, he was evidently 
growing more ill, being restless, weak 
and considerably delirious, his mind 
frequently wandering. We were doing 
what we could to check the fever and 
induce him to take nourishment, such as 
beef tea, chicken broth, etc. We sailed 



FERAMORZ L. YOUNG. 



41 



for Havana, Cuba, four hundred and 
twenty miles distant, about 8 p.m. The 
Doctor having prepared his state room, 
the largest and coolest on the ship, 
we spent the night together in that. 
He slept several hours and seemed 
better. On Sunday morning, the 25th, 
he desired again to go on the upper 
deck, and I assisted him there, making 
him a bed there He remained but a 
short time when I induced him to occupy 
the state room during the remainder of 
the day, I being with him all the time, 
administering medicine and nourishment. 
For several days I had feared that he 
had typhoid fever, and now no longer 
could doubt it. A German physician on 
board examined him and pronounced 
one of his lungs weak and defective. 
He had when young suffered with pneu- 
monia. Neither physician, however, con- 
sidered his case serious. 

During Sunday and Sunday night he 
appeared to improve, the fever being 
much checked, but the bowels again be- 
came difficult to control. On Monday 
the 26th we all believed him to be 
better. At 5 p.m. we reached and 
anchored in the harbor of Havana, and 
while doing so he suddenly got out of 
bed and anxiously inquired for his cloth- 
ing,saying that he wanted to go on deck. 
I took him in my arms and lifted him in 
bed again, but he had a sad night, his 
mind wandering greatly, and he was very 
restless the whole night. Towards 
morning the fever abated somewhat, but 
the nervous twitching continued. At 
noon the health officer came aboard and 
examined him, taking his temperature 
(105), and advised the continuance of 
former treatment. I continued to ad- 
minister to him frequently. The health 
officer pronounced the disease to be 
typhoid, but told him to keep good cheer 
and he would get through all right. I 
saw no reason for such assurance further 
than to induce courage. Less than four 
hours after this, we having left Havana 
at 1.30 p.m., Elder Young became un- 
conscious entirely, no longer recognizing 
me when I sought to arouse him. We 
adopted many ways, and administered 
stimulants inwardly and outwardly to 



revive him, but to no avail, for the angel 
of death had touched him, and life was 
fast ebbing away. At 1 1 \j p.m. Septem- 
ber 27th, 1881, about one hundred and 
ten miles from Havana, in latitude 24 21', 
Longitude 8q° 52', Elder Feramorz L. 
Young slept; God called away his spirit 
and his body, wrapped in the stillness of 
death, was all that remained with me. 
No language can ever describe my feel- 
ings. God sent me peace or I never 
could have endured it, but of that I do 
not wish to speak. 

Early on the morning of the 28th, 
having first prepared the remains, using 
such Temple clothing as we had, I 
sought the captain of the ship, Mr. 
Franklin Kemble, and told him that I 
desired to preserve the body and take it 
home, the expense being no consider- 
ation. He consulted with his officers and 
informed me that being so far, (five 
days) from New York, and the weather 
so warm, it would be impossible to save 
the remains, there not being sufficient ice 
on board, if used for that purpose, to last 
twenty-four hours. We discussed other 
means, but there was nothing in 
reach that would answer the purpose. 
So there was but one thing left to 
do, and that was to commit the earthly 
remains of my chosen companion, friend 
and brother to the silent embrace of the 
deep, there to remain until He, who 
holds the keys of the resurrection, shall 
cause the sea to give up the dead. 
Elder Young will be among the first and 
best fruits when that day shall come! 
At 1.50 p.m., September 28th, 1881, the 
steamer "Knickerbocker" was stopped 
and the passengers, officers, and crew were 
gathered around the remains of him who 
had been faithful in life and true in death 
— of him who had learned to live to 
know how to die, to live again never to 
die. And there, with a heavy heart but 
unflagging spirit, I bore a testimony to 
the divinity of our mission, the work in 
which we had been engaged, and of the 
pure, upright life which my young friend 
and brother had always led, and that 
while his body slept in the deep, his 
spirit would still be laboring in the inter- 
est of human redemption. 



42 



CHRONOLOG Y OF THE HINDOOS. 



Concluding my remarks, I kneeled at 
the head of the body,which was encased 
in a sea coffin and covered with the 
American flag, and dedicated it and its 
resting place to God, the Giver of the 
Spirit and the Redeemer of the body, 
until they shall, through the merits and 
atoning blood of Christ, be resurrected 
again, and raised to power, immortal 
glory and eternal life. Latitude 27 9', 
longitude 79 47', some twenty miles from 
the Florida coast, and a little southeast 
from the Jupiter lighthouse, is the spot 
where the body of my beloved brother, 



faithful and true missionary companion, 
was laid to rest in' the blue, deep and 
pure waters of the Gulf Stream. 

I shall never forget the kindness and 
sympathy extended to us by the officers, 
crew and passengers while he lived, and 
to me after he left. God called him; it 
seemed hard, but I had no power to 
say nay. Moses Thatcher. 



In the voyage of life, we should imi- 
tate the ancient mariners, who, without 
losing sight of the earth, trusted to the 
heavenly signs for their guidance. 



CHRONOLOGY OF THE HINDOOS. 



According to Braminical traditions 
Satyavrata, otherwise Vaiwasvata, who 
is classed as the seventh Menu, a great 
legislator and patriarch, standing at the 
head of a dispensation, was, in connection 
with his family, saved from an universal 
flood, that destroyed the rest of the 
children of Adima (or Adam). "The 
Padma Puran" states that Satyavrata, 
who was miraculously preserved from a 
general deluge, had three sons, the eldest 
of whom was named Jyapeti. or lord of 
the earth. The others were C'harma 
and Sharma. "The royal patriarch was 
particularly fond of Jyapeti, to whom he 
gave all the regions to the north of Him- 
alaya, in the snowy mountains, which 
extended from sea to sea, and of 'which 
Caucasus is a part. To Sharma he 
allotted the countries to the south of 
those mountains. But he cursed C'harma 
because when the old monarch was 
accidently inebriated with a strong liquor 
made of fermented rice, C'harma laughed, 
and it was in consequence of his father's 
imprecation that he became a slave to 
the slaves of his brothers." The first des- 
cendants of Satyavrata are represented 
in the Puranas as living in the mountains 
to the north of India, toward the sources 
of the Ganges and as far down as Hari- 
dwar, which is the point where that 
ancient river first takes its name. But the 
rulers of mankind lived on the summit of 



Meru, towards the north, where the seat 
of justice was established, to which 
place the oppressed repaired to obtain 
redress. 

These allegorical personages of Hin- 
doo mythology are no doubt intended 
to represent the Noah of the Bible and 
his sons. Noah, according to holy writ, 
only lived nine hundred and fifty years, 
while this ancient monarch of the Hin- 
doos lived and reigned during the whole of 
the Satya Yug, or one million seven hun- 
dred and twenty-eight thousand years, 
hence the necessity of the Hindoos going 
back into the remote abyss of time to 
strain the chronology of the world to 
agree with their inconsistent and con- 
tradictory mythological tales, which are 
related in many different ways. Satya- 
vrata's two sons, Jyapeti and Sharma, 
were distinguished as royal branches, 
the one denominated the children of the 
sun, the other the children of the moon. 
Each formed a dynasty; the one reigned 
at Oude, the other at Vitoria, and they 
held the reins of government until the 
expiration of the first thousand years of 
the Cali Yug. Fifty-five sucessive princes 
sprang from the solar line, who reigned 
during the whole period of the Treta 
Yug, or one million two hundred and 
ninety-six thousand years, an average 
reign of each prince being a fraction 
over twenty-one thousand five hundred 
and sixty-three years. The period of 



CHRONOLOGY OF THE HINDOOS. 



43 



Dwpara Yug was spent in the reign of 
twenty-nine princes, each, on an average 
having reigned twenty-nine thousand 
seven hundred and ninety-three years. 
The termination of the Dwpara Yug 
being the beginning of the Cali Yug, 
when twenty-nine princes reigned a 
thousand years, making a medium reign 
of thirty-three years each, which ex- 
hibits quite a falling off. At the close of 
the first thousand years of the Cali Yug 
the solar and lunar princes became ex- 
tinct. A different race of princes, who 
descended from their ancestor Jarasan- 
dha, who must have sprang from 
C'harma (or Ham), and reigned at 
Bahar, contemporary with the two royal 
branches during the first thousand 
years of the Cali Yug. The last of the 
Jarasandha princes was slain by his 
prime minister, who placed his son on 
the throne. This usurper filled the 
throne with fifteen of his sons, who 
reigned consecutively for a period of 
four hundred and ninety-eight years. 
The name of the last of this descent was 
Nanda, who was murdered by a Brahman, 
and by his power and influence exalted 
to the throne Chandragupta, who is 
believed by oriental antiquarians to be 
the same Sandracottas, the contemporary 
of Alexander the Great. Nine princes 
of his line succeeded him, who held the 
sceptre of power for one hundred and 
thirty-seven years. The commander 
and chief, at the death of the last of 
these princes, ascended the throne, and 
with nine of his descendants reigned 
one hundred and twelve years. The last 
of his line was succeeded by his prime 
minister, and four consecutive princes 
from his line ruled for a period of forty- 
five years. The throne was next usurped 
by a Sudra (the lowest caste), who killed 
the king and reigned in his stead. 

According to the Vishnu Purana, 
thirty kings descended from this Sudra 
and reigned four hundred and fifty-six 
years. Chandrabija, the last of the 
Sudra line, concluded his reign with the 
year 2648 of the Cali Yug. According 
to the learned Brahmans, four thousand 
nine hundred and eleven years of the 
Cali Yug were elapsed in the beginning 



of April, A. D. 1817, from which deduct- 
ing 2648, the year of the Cali Yug, in 
which the reign of Chandrabija termi- 
nated, you have 2636, the number of years 
which have terminated since that period, 
and which carry it back to 446 years 
before Christ. 

The foregoing is a fair account of the 
chronology of the Hindoos, as taken from 
their own writings and views. However, 
it is wonderfully strange, how 'minute 
they are in their historical statements 
for a regular and immense series of years 
reaching back into the misty past; but 
when it comes down to the ages border- 
ing on our own times, or since the birth 
of the Savior, all is a blank. There is no 
history of the Hindoos, nor any accounts 
of their acts, until the conquest of India 
by the Mohammedans, when they alone 
become our informers. 

The Hindoos, no doubt, borrowed their 
periods called Yugs, (and graced them 
with the oriental ring of [antiquity and 
fable), from the Greek and Roman 
division of time into four ages, denomi- 
nated the golden age, the silver age, the 
brazen age and the iron age. The 
Brahmans call the Satya Yug the golden 
period, during which, the human race 
were honest, virtuous, upright and pure, 
and his average age was one hundred 
thousand years, and his stature thirty 
feet. TheTreta Yug is denominated the 
silver age, when one-third of the people 
became corrupt, consequently their age 
was reduced to ten thousand years, and 
then stature dwarfed in proportion. 
The Dwpara Yug is called the copper 
period, during which over half of the 
people became corrupt, and one thousand 
years was the extent of their lives. The 
Cali Yug which is the present age of the 
world, is classed as the earthen age, and 
all men are corrupt, and their lives are 
run down to one hundred years. 

No doubt the children of Noah, while 
residing in Shinar, prior to the confusion 
of tongues, were familiar with the history 
of the flood. All rude nations have their 
traditions concerning that event. When 
they departed from Babel they carried 
their traditions with them. When small 
colonies took different directions, to 



44 



MIRACLES. 



make themselves future homes, having 
with them (the Jaredites excepted) no 
records of the past, nor the spirit of 
revelation to guide them into all truth 
in relation to the past, the present and 
the future, they soon wandered into a 
wild maze of unnatural fiction. You may 
take the Greeks, who were the most 
accomplished people of antiquity; they 
have left a very imperfect account of the 
primitive condition of their country, and 
consequently. What might be expected 
from a people such as the Hindoos, who 
were greatly their inferior. From the 
scattered hints given by the Greeks con- 



cerning the manners, society and knowl- 
edge of that people at the time of 
Alexander's invasion, proves that they 
had not changed materially during the 
interval from the visit of the Greeks to 
the discovery of India by the modern 
nations of Europe. Their history, how- 
ever, is a blank from that era till the 
Mohammedan conquest. 

William Fotheringham. 



Life is not so short but that there is 
always time enough for courtesy. Self- 
command is the main elegance. — Emer- 
son. 



MIRACLES. 



According to the ideas of very many 
Christians, our Savior had only, in the 
presence of the multitude, to perform 
some miracle, say, remove mount Tabor 
into the sea, and the manifestation of 
his power over terrestrial things would 
serve as an evident sign that he was 
sent of God, and proclaimed the princi- 
ples of eternal life. Now we deny that 
any miracle, however stupendous or 
incomprehensible to mankind, would be 
sufficient for that purpose. No miracle 
could stand as a general ce r tificate of 
truth; in fact, no miracle, abstractly 
considered, and apart from other consid- 
erations, has any evidential value beyond 
itself. It proves itself, and nothing 
more. Indeed, we are led to expect 
from the prophecies in the Revelations 
of John that in the last days the power 
of the Evil one will be largely manifest 
in working miracles to deceive mankind. 
The uninspired clergy of apostate 
Christianity have placed the cause of 
true religion at a great disadvantage by 
asserting that miracles were ordained of 
God especially for the convincing of un- 
believers. Such a position is untrue, 
unphilosophical and inconsistent. It is 
untrue for the reason that the evidence 
of Scripture proves that where the peo- 
ple had the most faith there the mightiest 
works of God's power and mercy were 
performed,and on the contrary,where the 



people were lacking in faith, as at 
Nazareth, there the Savior very largely 
withheld the manifestations of His divine 
power. And what is true, in this re- 
spect, of the Great Master, is true also 
of His disciples. 

Neither do the teachings of the Bible 
substantiate nor confirm the idea that 
miracles are auxiliaries to the Gospel, to 
be used in the work of converting the 
world. Those miracles that were most 
often wrought were such as were included 
in the signs that the crucified Redeemer 
promised His disciples should follow 
those who believed. Among these were 
healings, tongues, interpretations, pro- 
phecy, etc. ; and, in confirmation of this 
promise, we are told by Paul that "the 
working of miracles" is given to the 
members of the Church, by the self same 
spirit of God as are the various other 
gifts, to profit withal; that Spirit "divid- 
I ing to every man severally as he will." 
We find no assurance, either in the 
promise of Jesus or the teachings of Paul, 
that these manifestations were to be 
conferred upon unbelievers, or were to 
be used as a means to their conversion. 
The teachings of the uninspired 
churches on this point are unphilosophical 
and therefore inconsistent. The Gospel 
is not unphilosophical. Different from 
the man-made systems that have usurped 
its name and authority, it appeals to the 



MIRACLES. 



45 



judgment and reason of mankind, not 
to their passions and emotions. God's 
holy laws are too perfect to need bolster- 
ing up by an appeal to the supernatural or 
incomprehensible. If ever Divine wisdom 
has dictated such an appeal it has been 
because of their great ignorance, that the 
people could not be reached so advan- 
tageously in any other way. On the other 
hand, the Lord has frequently designed, 
because of the weaknesses of mankind, 
to show forth His power to confirm the 
mission of His servants; and by miracu- 
lous signs to set the seal of His authority 
upon their words and actions ; but for all 
this, our Savior, in no complimentary 
terms, declares that it is a wicked and 
adulterous generation that seeks after a 
sign, and what is true of the generation 
is unquestionably true of the individual. 
But the performance of a miracle 
proves no truth in theology, or indeed in 
any other science. If a man were to 
say, "Three and three are seven, and 
seven are more than nine, and to prove 
my assertions to be true I will call down 
fire from heaven," three and three would 
never make seven, nor seven be more than 
nine, if he called down fire enough to 
burn the world up. In this the skeptic 
has the advantage of the ecclesiastic, who 
outrages Scripture and common sense by 
attempting to prove his errors to be 
truths either by performing a pretended 
miracle, as has been frequently done in the 
Roman Catholic Church; or by appeal- 
ing to those performed by the Savior 
and his disciples in the Messianic dispen- 
sation, as is repeatedly done by Protes- 
tants. This style of argument has 
developed a strong and still strengthen- 
ing sentiment in the hearts of many 
professing to be believers in the Divine 
truths of Christianity, that no such thing 
as miracles were ever wrought. From 
their standpoint a miracle is an impos- 
sibility; to them God is not a God of 
miracles. Teaching of this kind is a 
recent innovation, a product of modern 
thought, a sign of the times ; in ancient 
days the Divine Being was ever regarded 
as controlling the material world, and 
shaping the destinies of mankind accor- 
ding to His good pleasure and their 



welfare. But the corruption of truth 
and the abuse of divine methods have 
led men in our day to assert that God 
never did interpose in the government of 
the world, never caused His servants to 
perform miracles, and that the accounts 
we have of these things are delusions 
and fables. This philosphy is but a natu- 
ral outgrowth of the teachings so long 
prevalent, especially in Protestant coun- 
tries, that revelation has stopped and 
miracles long since ceased. "If there 
are no miracles now," it is asked, "were 
there ever any? Are the records trust- 
worthy that recite the story of these 
wonderful and mysterious workings of 
the Almighty?" The foundation of the 
error lies in the denial of continued 
revelation in the Church of Christ, 
when revelation ceases, then miracles 
cease, the gifts of the Spirit disappear, 
and men have to content themselves 
with the records of the past, or clumsy 
and peurile imitations of that power 
which aforetimes made alive the Church 
of God. And as these impostures are 
exposed, and long centuries throw a 
mist of uncertainty over the records of 
the glories of the former days, so men 
dwindle in unbelief, and afterwards 
grow bold in skepticism. The restor- 
ation of that power, which divine 
miracles accompany, can alone supply 
the want, fill the vacuum, demonstrate 
to the reason, and satisfy the soul. 

Geo. Reynolds. 



Courtesy is a powerful refiner. Treat 
even a base man with respect and he 
will make at least one desperate effort 
to be respectable. 

"Happiness is a fine thing. You 
should always try to be happy. The 
happy are rich. They can be always 
giving gifts. A smile here ; a sweet word 
there; a little nod that says, 'I see you; 
go bravely on;' an uplifted finger that 
says lovingly, 'Not that way; this path 
is better.' If you are really to be a 
helper, you must cultivate happiness. 
The sunshine it lives upon comes straight 
down from heaven. It will grow like a 
flower." ■•• 



46 



REPLY TO IKGERSOLL. 



REPLY TO INGERSOLL. 



"Prove all things; holdfast that which is good." 
That "a profound change has taken 
place in the world of thought;" that 
"the pews are trying to set them- 
selves somewhat above the pulpit;" 
that "the layman discusses theology 
with the minister, and smiles;" that 
"Christians excuse themselves for be- 
longing to the church by denying part of 
the creed;" that "the idea is abroad that 
they who know the most of nature be- 
lieve the least about theology;" and that 
"the sciences are regarded as infidel," no 
observing man can honestly deny. But, 
while the first four statements admit of 
no argument, the last two do insomuch 
that the "idea," though "abroad," is an 
incorrect one: for, the better Nature is 
understood, the more convincing becomes 
the evidence of a designer of it; and, 
the true understanding of any science 
brings no conflict with the teachings of 
the Bible. The statement that "facts 
are regarded as scoffers" attributes to 
humanity a lack of ordinarily common 
sense. If we have a fact which we 
cannot demonstrate, we had better not 
call itjrsuch; if we can demonstate it, we 
need not fear the scoffing of any sane, 
intelligent mind. If I have misunder- 
stood Mr. Ingersoll, and he means to 
say facts are scoffers of Christianity, I 
can only enter an emphatic denial and 
say it is not so. 

His second and third paragraphs are 
substantially correct. However, he 
makes a mistake in adopting for the 
Christian religion the ideas of men in- 
stead of going direct to the Bible for the 
fundamental truths of that religion. 
That book teaches "that there is a per- 
sonal God, the creator of the material 
universe;" that He has body, parts, and 
passions; that He is of about the stature 
of a man, as Jesus said that he was in 
the "express image of His person;" 
that God, the Father, and Jesus, the Son, 
are two different personages; that the 
Father created the material universe 
through the Son, not out of nothing as 
many believe, but of matter which Jiad 



always existed, though, probably, in an 
elementary state. It teaches that the 
Holy Spirit, or Spirit of God, is the con- 
trolling power of all action and being in 
the universe, and by this Spirit, God is 
omnipresent; that these three, God, 
His Son, and the Holy Spirit, constitute 
the Godhead or Trinity. It teaches 
that a plan of salvation for the human 
family was ordained from before the 
foundation of the world; that Beelze- 
bub, wishing to save all mankind against 
their will, and without permitting them 
to know good and evil, they existing be- 
fore the foundations of the earth were laid, 
rebelled, with one third the heavenly 
hosts, against God, because the latter 
chose to give man his free agency to be- 
lieve as he wished, and to give him the 
knowledge of evil that he might enjoy 
better the good; that Satan and his 
followers were cast from heaven, and 
Jesus was given charge of the creation; 
that man and woman were placed in the 
garden of Eden; that these were tempted 
and fell, that men might be : "about fifteen 
hundred years afterward, God's patience 
having been exhausted by the wicked- 
ness of mankind, He drowned His chil- 
dren, with the exception of eight persons ;" 
thereby following literally the plan of 
salvation by baptizing the earth and 
remitting its sins: that He selected 
Abraham and his people, gave laws and 
governed them, "made known His will 
in many ways, wrought miracles, and in- 
spired men to write the Bible;" that the 
Son, not God the Father, was born to 
Mary; that He lived to the age of thirty- 
three, when He was crucified according to 
the same foreordained plan of salvation, 
thereby showing Himself capable of 
sinking below, enduring, and ascending 
above all things and becoming an ex- 
ample to all mankind, and a name by 
which all might be saved, in so far as they 
obey his ordinances, which are: Faith, 
Repentance of all sin and the forsaking 
of it, Baptism and the Laying on of 
Hands for the reception of the Holy 
Ghost, and thereafter seeking only to do 
what is pleasing before Him. 



REPLY TO INGERSOLL. 



47 



Mr. Ingersoll, after making some 
statements without support of proof, 
goes on to make some apparent quota- 
tions from the Bible in his own language, 
without a true quotation therefrom. It is 
difficult to combat such points, as one 
cannot well understand to what he refers. 
Probably what he says regarding the 
past history of nations is true, though I 
fail to see how that affects the teachings 
of the Bible. I will pass this as Mr. 
Black sufficiently answered it, and Mr. 
Ingersoll falsifies both the wording and 
the meaning of Jehovah in the writings 
of His inspired Prophets. 

Passing baseless insinuations, to prin- 
ciples laid down by Mr. Ingersoll, I will 
answer them direct. He says: i. "If the 
Bible is really the work of God, it should 
contain the grandest and sublimest 
truths;" 2. "it should in all respects 
excel the works of man;" 3. "within 
that book should be found the best and 
loftiest definition of justice;" 4. "the 
truest conception of human liberty;" 5 
the clearest outlines of duty;" 6. "the 
tenderest, the highest, and the noblest 
thoughts — not that the human mind has 
produced, but that the human mind is 
capable of receiving;" 7. "upon every 
page should be found the luminous evi- 
dences of its divine origin." It complies 
faithfully with all of these: 1. It is impos- 
sible to conceive of a grander or more 
sublime truth than that which the Bible 
teaches from beginning to end, and for 
which it was written, namely, that every 
one of us, by obeying certain eternal 
laws, can arrive to the perfection of a 
God, to become the father of the spirits 
of men, the creator of worlds, and with 
power to overcome all things. 2. While 
it is impossible to consider every work 
of man, it will be sufficient to show that 
the Bible is that which mere man is incap- 
able of. This is done in the prophecy, or 
dream, its interpretation and fulfilment, 
as recorded in Daniel, chap, vii, and the 
world's future history. History tells us 
that Nebuchadnezzar conquered the world 
as head of the Babylonian empire, as rep- 
resented by the first beast. This em- 
pire was overthrown by the Medes and 
Persians, the latter power subjecting 



Babylon, Egypt and Lydia, symbolized 
by the second beast with three ribs in its 
mouth. Then followed Alexander the 
Great, conqueror of the world, the third 
beast or power. The same history is 
interpreted in Nebuchadnezzar's dream 
(Daniel, ii, 31-45). Alexander had a 
translation of the Scriptures made which 
exised in his time, and when he came to 
this dream, he called himself the third 
power; but Porphyry, in his day, said the 
prophecy proved itself false through its 
accuracy of past events and that it 
must have been written after those events 
happened. He forgot there were more 
to come. 

The fourth ruling empire was the 
Roman and it became divided into ten 
kingdoms, viz., 1. Senate of Rome; 2. 
Greeks at Ravenna; 3. Lombards in 
Lombardy; 4. Huns in Hungary; 5. 
Alemanes in Germany; 6. Franks in 
France; 7. Burgundians in Burgundy; 8. 
Goths in Spain; 9. Britons; 10. Saxons 
in Briton. It is strange that there should 
be just ten kingdoms, or horns, accord- 
ing to prophecy, yet so it was. Then, 
the Roman Catholic church sprang up 
and, in fact, combined three of these 
kingdoms, or horns, — those of Ravenna, 
Lombardy, and Rome — another accident 
of prophecy, — and to-day the Pope 
wears a triple crown to denote his domin- 
ion over these three powers. Further, 
a time, times, and dividing of time 
denote twelve hundred and sixty years, 
according to all Jewish chronology. 
The first Pope of the Catholic Church 
held that office in 606, A.D. In 1866, 
the Pontifical temporal power began to 
fall, just twelve hundred and sixty years 
afterwards, and in 1870, it did so. Man 
has never yet been able to equal this 
prophetic work of the Bible! 

3. As definitions of justice, listen to 
these: "Ye shall do no unrighteousness 
in judgment: thou shalt not respect the 
person of the poor, nor honor the per- 
son of the mighty: but in righteousness 
shalt thou judge thy neighbor ;" "Love thy 
neighbor as thyself;" "Ye shall do no un- 
righteousness in judgment, in meteyard, 
in weight, or in measure;" and if more 
are desired, read any of the books of 



4 8 



REPLY TO INGERSOLL. 



Moses, or the sayings of the Savior. 4. 
There is but one true conception of hu- 
man liberty — to allow man his free 
agency — and the allowance of this was 
the first act of God to man. 5. The ten 
commandments are the clearest outline 
of duty that was ever given by God or man. 
6. It is beyond the capacity of the human 
mind to conceive of more tender, higher, 
or nobler thoughts than the Lord is ever 
instilling into the minds of his disciples, 
to care for the wants of the poor, to 
help the weak, to defend the oppressed, 
and even the dumb brute, though it be- 
long to an enemy, must be helped if in 
distress, or in need of assistance. Read 
Deuteronomy, Numbers, Leviticus, or 
any of the books of the Apostles; they 
are full of divine thoughts. 7. In reply 
to Mr. Ingersoll's seventh requirement, 
I can do no more than assert that the 
Bible does all that he demands, and ask 
him to point out an exception. 

His remarks upon the words, or 
thoughts, or ideas, being inspired, sound 
well, but they lack force ; for, while the 
Christian world claims that the original 
writings were inspired — words, thoughts, 
and ideas, except wherein the writer 
expressly states that he speaks as of 
himself— it does not believe that the 
seventy translators, those of King 
James' time, or the revisers of our own 
day, were inspired, and therefore, errors 
have undoubtedly crept in. God did see 
to it that His revelations were correctly 
made, but he did not take away from 
man his free agency to pervert the Scrip- 
tures, if he chose to tamper with them 
without the direct command or approval 
of God. But, shall we discard the 
arithmetic because the type-setter has 
made two and three to add four? 

Mr. Ingersoll asks, "Why should God 
confirm a barbarian in his prejudices ? 
Why should he fortify a heathen in his 
crime?" He never did either. What 
theologians tell him has nothing to do 
with what the Bible teaches, and this 
should be his target if he wishes to des- 
troy the religion of Christ. "When the 
whole question is thoroughly examined 
(as Mr. Ingersoll evidently has never 
examined it), the world will find that 



Jehovah" was, is, and ever will be with- 
out a blemish, and His Son is like unto 
Him. 

I will now consider Mr. Ingersoll's 
four great subjects, or better, pet themes, 
namely: War, Religious Persecutions, 
Slavery, and Polygamy, yet, concerning 
which he has scarcely given an argu- 
ment except in so far as his opinion 
weighs. 

1. War. — Mr. Black so thorough- 
ly convinced me that Mr. Ingersoll 
does not mean what he says regarding war 
that I feel not to treat of the subject. 
However, we will look at a few facts. 
As no direct reference is made to any 
portion of the Bible, I am led to think 
that the wars of Moses and Joshua are 
referred to. In all of these, there were 
aggressions such that, taking Mr. I's 
chosen test — modern opinion — would 
compel any civilized nation of to-day to 
go to war; and in most instances, the 
enemies of the Israelites first declared 
war. They oppressed God's people in 
various ways, even denying them ordi- 
nary civilities, corrupting them in their 
morals, and among themselves, "every 
abomination to the Lord which he hateth, 
have they done unto their Gods: for even 
their sons and daughters they have burnt 
in the fire to their Gods." Deut. xiii, 31. 

2. Religious Persecution. — The Jewish 
people of early historic times were in a 
different condition from that in which 
mankind finds itself to-day. They had 
the direct guidance of the Lord; they 
heard His voice and knew of a certainty 
that He lived. To deny this knowledge 
after once receiving it, is the greatest 
crime man can commit. I am ready to 
believe that Mr. Ingersoll would recog- 
nize no greater crime had he that know- 
ledge. There are many crimes, that he 
thinks deserving of death, yet con- 
demns God for punishing, in similar 
manner, this far greater sin, and calls it 
religious persecution. Consistency set 
forth thy claims, for inconsistency occu-, 
pies thy seat! 

Ever hankering after indirect state- 
ments from which but one great inference 
can be made, yet couched in such Ian-' 
guage that he can deny the inference 



A STORM IN THE MOUNTAINS. 



49 



should he be beaten in argument, Mr. I. 
says: "Surely the light of experience is 
enough to tell us that * * * * mur- 
der is not a virtue." Does he mean that 
the Bible makes it so? If he does, there 
is not such a statement from the begin- 
ning of Genesis to the end of Revelations. 
On the contrary, it says, "'And he that 
killeth any man shall surely be put to 
death." — Lev. 24: 17; and in chapter 35 
of Numbers occur no less than three 
times, these words: "The murderer shall 
surely be put to death." 

3. Slavery. — As regards this subject, 
neither Mr. Ingersoll, I, nor any other 
man can say whether it is right, wrong, or 
immaterial, but I will agree with him that 
that form of it carried on before the war 
was not right. However, this proves 
nothing. No one, by reading the Bible 
can in any manner believe that the Jewish 
people practiced it as practiced in our 



day, nor that it had similar effects on 
both the master and the servant. The 
angels in heaven are subject to the gods 
above them, and the Apostle Paul tells 
us that the saints shall judge the angels 
there. 

4. Polygamy. — This was commanded, 
blessed and approved in ancient days: 
the New Testament upholds it, and no 
people will ever reach the highest point 
in God's Celestial Kingdom, where they 
will be as Gods with all power and domin- 
ion, except they embrace this principle 
on earth. The highest forms of love 
are begotten in it, its children are ahead 
of the world in morality, in healthful- 
ness, in intellect; and the mortality 
among them is less. Mr. Ingersoll calls 
it "an infamous crime." I call it the 
perfection of virtue. Let God be the 
judge between us. 

Fera. L. Young. 



A STORM IN THE MOUNTAINS. 



In August, 1877, our party, consisting 
of four young men, were descending one 
of the canons of the Rocky Mountains, 
where we had been spending a short 
time for health and pleasure. The 
ominous clouds, gathering thick and fast 
over our heads, gave warning that we 
must, ere long, select a camping place 
for the night. The part of the canon in 
which we were, gave little encourage- 
ment to us in this respect, for to the north 
the mountains rose abruptly to a height 
of several hundred feet, with rugged 
sides, and here and there a clump of 
bushes; while on the south, to our left 
as we traveled down the canon, was the 
perpendicular bank of the river, which 
hurried along its rocky bed a hundred 
feet below. 

Already, as we hurried on, the light- 
ning gleamed, and we heard the roar of 
distant thunder, when we came upon a 
large ravine, down which it was practi- 
cable to descend to the bank of the river, 
where, to our satisfaction, we discovered 
a few trees whose branches were inter- 
woven with willows so as to form a rude 
2* 



shelter from the now fast approaching 
storm. It was the work of but a few mo- 
ments to arrange the camp and secure the 
animals, and all hands were soon busily 
engaged at supper around a cheerful 
camp fire. 

Scarce was the evening's repast ended 
when the rain began to fall quite heavily, 
and all around was clothed in intense 
darkness, lit up occasionally by flashes 
of vivid lightning, which, with the gurgling 
of the stream flowing near us, the moan- 
ing and whistling of the wind through 
the trees, and the rattling of the thunder, 
caused a feeling of awe within us, and 
our conversation was carried on in sub- 
dued, though cheerful tones. As the 
night sped on, the storm increased in its 
fury, and by the time we retired (not to 
sleep, for that was out of the question), a 
perfect tempest was raging: — 

"The lightnings flash from pole to pole, 
Near and more near the thunders roll," 

Until it seemed as though the sky was 
one continuous glare, and the crashing 
of the thunder was terrific. The wind, 
from a gentle breeze, had become a 



5o 



THE ECHO CANON WAR. 



fierce gale, and the rain poured down 
in torrents. 

For a considerable time the storm con- 
tinued without abating in its fury. The 
river had become a rushing flood, while 
a rivulet which but a few hours since 
rippled down the ravine, gayly leaping 
from rock to rock, had increased to a 
roaring mountain torrent. Suddenly 
above us we heard a heavy crashing, and 
a deep rumbling, thundering sound, 
which drew nearer and nearer, increas- 
ing in volume and intensity, smothering 
the sound of the raging storm, and then 
growing less distinct, as though moving 
away far down the gorge, until all went 
on as before. At last the storm grad- 
ually subsided; the clouds began to 
disperse, and the moon occasionally 
shone through, revealing dimly to our 
sight, strewn thickly around us, rocks, 
and gravel, and brush; while just below 
was a seething, boiling, foaming mass of 
rushing water, the roar of which was 
almost deafening. 

With thankful hearts we welcomed the 
dawning of another day — bright and 
beautiful, as though the storm of the pre- 
ceding night was a something past and 
forgotten. But about us, on either side, 
logs, uprooted trees, stones and rubbish, 
gullies torn through the roadway above 
us, and the tumultuous cataract below, 
were evidences of the fearful destruction 
which had taken place. Fortunate, in- 
deed, were we; for, when the cloud had 
burst above, sweeping almost every- 
thing before it, the hill under which we 
were had proven a shelter, but for which 
we had been launched into eternity. 

After partaking of a hasty meal, we 
started on what was now an arduous, 
wearisome journey; the road was badly 
washed out or strewn with debris, making 
our progress extremely difficult. We 



made our way down the narrow part of 
the canon for a few miles, to the mouth, 
where we beheld a scene far from being 
delightful or encouraging. What the 
evening before had been a small village 
was now a desolate, dreary waste. Not 
a building of any kind was left standing, 
except one large frame house and its 
belongings, a little to the north of the 
where were gathered 
of the village, who 
warned in time to 
lives; but all their 



mouth of the canon, 
the few inhabitants 
had happily been 
escape with their 



property,except perhaps a score of horses 
and cattle, which were on the bench 
above, with the fruits of their industry, 
were carried away or covered in sand 
and dirt. From the men we learned 
that at about midnight the people were 
thrown into consternation by being in- 
formed by one of their number that the 
river was rapidly rising, and they were 
in great danger; the last family had but 
just reached a place of safety, when the 
torrent reached the mouth of the canon, 
and the whole village was swept away or 
buried. 

After sympathizing with them in their 
loss and imparting what we could spare 
from our small store, and making room 
for an aged man to ride to the neighbor- 
ing town, we left these people, who, in 
the midst of their calamity, were hope- 
ful and cheerful, to retrieve in time their 
fallen fortunes, and continued on our 
journey, rejoicing that we were permitted 
to return in safety to our homes, after 
an experience of a thunderstorm in the 
mountains, that will not readily be effaced 
from our memories. Roy Kemieth. 



There is no death! The stars go down, 

To rise upon some fairer shore; 
And hright in heaven's jeweled crown 

They shine forevermore. — Bulwer Ly/ton. 



THE ECHO CANYON WAR. 



It was said by an eminent friend of 
our people that, "The history of the Latter- 
day Saints will never be written." 



He was acquainted with their career. 
He knew that to write their history 
would be to eclipse the writings of 
Moses, in describing the doctrines and 



THE ECHO CANON WAR. 



5i 



journeyings of ancient Israel. And it 
becomes patent to any one who under- 
takes to chronicle the events of even 
an epoch of our history, that there is an 
under-current of heroism, faith, devotion, 
governing and directing the energies of 
our people, which requires the subtle 
power of inspiration to appreciate and 
the gifted pen of one, who sees with "the 
eye of faith" to depict. To be such a 
one would gratify the ambition and pride 
of the writer; but he sees so much yet 
to attain, ere reaching that honored dis- 
tinction, that he fain would content him- 
self with an humbler lot, and therefore 
purposes in the present paper to merely 
touch upon certain interesting incidents, 
relating to that martial period of our 
people's history, when the army of the 
United States came up against us in 
1857, and our men were enlisted in 
"the army of defence" to take part in 
what we called, "The Echo Canon 
War." 

Of the causes that led to the conflict 
of that period it will not be necessary 
to go into detail for the purposes of this 
sketch. They may be traced even to 
the antagonism of Right and Wrong; to 
the eternal conflict between the powers 
of Light and Darkness. The attempt 
to overthrow the Latter-day Saints by 
an armed force in 1857, was, unquestion- 
ably, but an expression of the same 
spirit that drove them from Missouri 
to Illinois; that filled the breasts of the 
howling mob around the walls of Carth- 
age jail on the 27th of June, 1844, and 
that caused the expulsion of our people 
from the confines of civilization. The 
same vile influence to-day inflates the 
breasts of those, whose corrupt lives 
make them its willing subjects, and 
clamors for inimical legislation and 
corrupt and tyrannical rulers, sustained 
by the force of bayonets, in the wicked 
efforts to deprive us of our liberties, and 
to bring us under the yoke of sectarian 
bigotry and venom, which knows no 
tolerance, and is therefore pre-eminent- 
ly the qualified instrument to do the 
Adversary's bidding. In regard to 
the present hostile threatenings of our 
enemies, it appears to us that they would 



do well to examine the history of pre- 
vious onslaughts, and contemplate wisely 
the ignominy and shame that have borne 
down to the unlamented grave of ob- 
scurity, those who yielded their manhood 
to do the Devil's work, and fought against 
Zion. The past teaches, and happy would 
it be for them if they would learn, that 
there is no glory, no reward for such. No 
better example of this truth could be 
found than in the life of Judge W. W. 
Drummond, whose lying tongue and 
false and wicked pen were perhaps im- 
mediately responsible for the gravest 
blunder ever committed by an American 
administration: The Buchanan camp- 
aign against the Mormons. 

There were other influences brought 
to bear upon the cabinet of President 
Buchanan at this time. The ques- 
tion of southern disaffection might be 
avoided, if the indignation of the people 
could be wrought up and directed away 
from Washington. There being no 
foreign foe to answer for this purpose, 
the nearest thing to it was made to ap- 
pear by clothing "the phantom of the 
mountains" in the garb of an adversary, 
— at whatever economy of truth — and 
directing the gaze of the nation there. 
An adroit method, surely, for Treason 
to escape the searching eye of Patriotism, 
while concocting her plans to disrupt 
the Union and bathe the fairest land of 
earth in the blood of a million of her 
sons. The Utah war has been pro- 
nounced by statesmen — a ruse — to shield 
traitors in their incipient treason, and to 
blind the nation, while they slabbed her 
in the back. 

Whatever the policy may have been, 
the means of diverting the attention of 
the nation, from the real danger, which 
then threatened and afterwards nearly 
destroyed it, were forthcoming in end- 
less ways ; chiefly, through the reports of 
the Federal officers of Utah, whose lives 
were generally so shameful that they 
were in constant danger of prosecution 
in their own courts; and who were so 
notoriously incompetent and corrupt that 
not to recognize their indiscretions was 
to admit a lack of ordinary common 
sense. Men who prostituted their talents 



5 2 



THE ECHO CANON WAR. 



and dragged the ermine of their offices 
in the filth of lasciviousness, avarice 
.and kindred corruption, were choice 
exponents of that pious sentiment, under 
the guise of offended virtue, which 
breathed aloud the awful abominations 
of the Great Basin and demanded the 
substitution of such morality as theirs, 
for that which the people of the Great 
Basin practiced, in the name of God and 
Religion, as the highest expression of 
virtue, the perfect law of regeneration 
and social enfranchisement. 

The howl of these self-righteous, 
abused and unappreciated lepers was 
taken up by bigoted priests, lying editors 
and political traitors, and was sounded 
and resounded, from the east to the west, 
from the north to the south and back 
again. The nation was wrought up; the 
pent up indignation of the millions who 
inhabit it was let loose, and a perfect 
flood of invective and denunciation swept 
the Continent from shore to shore. 
Amid this universal tumult, the Adminis- 
tration with the possible knowledge ol 
some Congressmen, quietly resolved or 
war against the "Mormons." There was 
ao apparent thought of investigation. 
there was no cool reflection, — they both 
came after — but the popular feeling was 
aroused, and the moment had come to 
strike the blow that should sacrifice a 
people at the altar of Popular Prejudice. 
and reward the bloodthirsty devotees 
with enduring fame. Poor, blind, ambi- 
tious bigots; they forgot that Popular 
Prejudice was the most fickle deity, and 
that her decrees were as uncertain as 
the variable wind. The President and 
cibinet resolved on the punishment of 
the "Mormons," believing that the feel- 
ing of the people would sustain them, 
even in going to war. And they were 
right, for the time being. No movement 
was ever more popular. It was loudly 
proclaimed that the Commander-in-chief 
could rely on a million volunteers, if he 
required them, to accomplish the over- 
throw of the "Mormons." The tocsin 
©f war was sounded and reverberated 
from state to state, but failed to reach 
the peaceful vales of the mountains. 
The mails for Utah had been refused the 



contractors at the Missouri River sta- 
tions, and not until the army had actually 
been enlisted and directed by the admin- 
istration to take up the march to Utah, 
did word reach our people of the hostile 
intention of the Government, and then it 
came by rumor, not by any official com- 
munication. 

Of the direct charges made against 
the Latter-day Saints, upon which so 
loud a public clamor was raised, and the 
administration blindly acted, those by 
Associate Justice Drummond, may be 
taken as a sample. They were included in 
his letter of resignation of that office — an 
office he shamefully abused — directed to 
Hon. J. S. Black, Attorney General, 
bearing date of March 30, 1857. They 
are as follows : 

"In the first place, Brigham Young, 
the Governor of Utah Territory, is the 
acknowledged head of the Church of 
Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, com- 
monly called 'Mormons;' and, as such 
head, the 'Mormons' look to him, and 
to him alone, for the law by which 
they are to be governed; therefore no 
law of Congress is by them considered 
binding in any manner." 

"Secondly. I know that thei'e is a 
secret oath-bound organization among 
all the male members of the Church to 
resist the laws of the Country, and to 
acknowledge no law save the law of the 
"Holy Priesthood," which comes to the 
people through Brigham Young, direct 
from God; he, Young, being the vice- 
gerent of God, and Prophet, viz: succes- 
sor of Joseph Smith, who was the found- 
er of this blind and treasonable or- 
ganization. 

"Thirdly. I am fully aware that there 
is a set of men, set apart by special order 
of the Church, to take both the lives 
and property of persons who may ques- 
tion the authority of the Church; the 
names of whom I will promptly make 
known at a future time. 

"Fourthly. That the records, papers, 
etc., of the Supreme Court have been 
destroyed by order of the Church, with 
the direct knowledge and approbation of 
Governor Young and the Federal officers 
grossly insulted for presuming to raise a 



THE ECHO CAJVOJV WAR. 



53 



single question about the treasonable 
act. 

"Fifthly. That the Federal officers of 
the Territory are constantly insulted, 
harrassed and annoyed by the Mormons, 
and for these insults there is no redress. 

"Sixthly. That the Federal officers are 
daily compelled to hear the form of the 
American government traduced, the Chief 
Executives of the nation, both living and 
dead, slandered and abused from the 
masses, as well as from all the leading 
members of the Church, in the most 
vulgar, loathsome, and wicked manner 
that the evil passions of men can possi- 
bly conceive." 

These six specific charges are supple- 
mented by others, in which a Danite 
band is accused of murdering Captain 
Jno. W. Gunnison and party in 1853 
under the direction of the Church author- 
ities, Hon. Leonidas Shaver, poisoned? 
A. W. Babbitt, slaughtered on the 
plains, and all officers and loyal citizens 
in constant danger of falling under the 
awful, mysterious hand of the Church, 
which renders their lives "unsafe for a 
single day." These reasons," writes the 
trembling judge, "with many others that 
I miggt give, which would be too heart- 
rending to insert in this communica- 
tion, have impelled me to resign the 
office of Justice of the Territory of 
Utah, and again return to my adopted 
State of Illinois." Upon these base lies 
the great government of our country, 
rushed madly into the most ignominious 
conflict that ever disgraced a civilized 
nation, in the treatment of local diffi- 
culties. A conflict from which, with- 
drawal most humiliating had to follow, 
and that sunk the principal participants 
in a quagmire of oblivion and shame 
from^which they never rose. 

As to Drummond's charges they were 
the cowardly ravings of a dishonest 
libertine, who to shield himself from 
judicial exposure, was only too eager to 
hazard the lives and liberties of a noble 
people to the relentless fury of an im- 
passioned mob. He wrote his charges 
to fire the breasts of such, not to excuse 
himself for withdrawing from the justice- 
ship. The real reason why he resigned 



his office was that he was afraid of 
prosecution for adultery; he having 
insulted the people whom he came to 
judge, by bringing a loose woman from 
Washington, with whom he notoriously 
lived, calling her his wife, while his real 
wife and family, in ignorance of his as- 
sociations, were left in Illinois. Charges 
from such a character hardly deserve 
refutation, but an army was sent to subdue 
the Mormons, on the strength of them, 
and history should show how utterly 
baseless and without support of proof 
they were. 

Firstly. "There is not a people upon 
the face of the whole earth more devoted 
and loyal to their government than are 
the peaceable, industrious citizens of 
Utah. They are wedded to the Consti- 
tution and laws of the Republic. Indeed 
they go farther than other citizens; for 
it is a revealed fact, incorporated in their 
articles of faith, that the form and Con- 
stitution of the American Government, 
are the products of the inspiration of the 
Almighty. To deny its authority and 
Constitutional laws, would be to deny 
the divinity of the revelations which God 
gave through Joseph Smith; it would 
be a denial of 'Mormonism.' It would 
be a flat denial of the constant teach^ 
ings, counsels and practices of Presi- 
dent Young." 

Secondly. "This is only a repetition 
of the absurd and ridiculous lie invented 
by the Missouri murderers in 1838, pre- 
tending that the Mormons had an 'oath 
bound organization' among them, called 
'Danites, or, Destroying Angels,' whose 
business it was to destroy the Gentiles." 
The origin of this oft repeated slander of 
our people, was in the folly of one 
Alvord, who attempted in the days of 
Missouri, to establish a secret order, 
ostensibly for the protection of the 
Prophet, really to gratify his own insane 
ambition. He gave his order the name 
"Danites," meaning "a serpent in thy 
path." Before it had fairly started, he 
proposed such villainies to the few whom 
he had deceived into joining it, that they 
referred the whole design to the Prophet 
Joseph. He promptly pronounced such 
an organization treasonable and contrary 



54 



THE ECHO CANON WAR. 



to the Spirit and necessities of the work 
of God, and excommunicated Alvord, 
at once, for his presumption and wicked- 
ness. That was the beginning, the 
extent and end of "Danites," except as 
the enemies of our people have mouthed 
the word as a sweet morsel under their 
tongue, thus preserving the name from 
the oblivion of the nearest thing that it 
ever came to mean, "which died ere it 
had yet begun to live." 

Thirdly. The falsehood contained 
in this charge is a repetition and enlarge- 
ment of the one before. As to produc- 
ing names of parties composing the 
"treasonable organization," the fact that 
this was never done, considering the 
disposition there was to do it, is con- 
vincing evidence of the Judge's inability 
to fulfil that promise. 

Fourthly. The following from the 
affidavit of Mr. Curtis E. Bolton, Deputy 
Clerk of the Supreme Court of Utah, 
directly disproves the assertions of the 
fourth charge; one which had quite as 
much weight as any, if not more, and 
was assuredly as well founded: "I do 
solemnly declare this assertion (fourth 
charge), is without the slightest founda- 
tion in truth. The records, papers, etc., 
of the Supreme Court in this Territory, 
together with all decisions and docu- 
ments of every kind belonging thereto, 
from Monday, September 22, 185 1, at 
which time said court was first organ- 
ized, up to this present moment are all 
safe and ccunplete in my custody, and not 
one of them missing, nor have they ever 
been disturbed by any person." 

Fifthly. That Drummond might justly 
have been "insulted, harrassed and 
annoyed," derided and hated for his 
criminal connections with his picked-up 
harlot, we do not feel disposed to doubt. 
But that he or any respectable man, 
occupying a federal position was thus 
treated by the 'Mormons' is false. Chief 
Justice L. H. Reed, and his successor 
J. T. Kinney, both testified in the high- 
est terms of praise to the cordial re- 
ception they met, and kind treatment 
received among the 'Mormon' people. 
Many officers since those times bear 
witness to this. It is characteristic of 



our people to treat dignitaries with great 
respect, at all times when they afford 
an opportunity. In most cases, how- 
ever, the federal officers sent to us 
have taken pains, in the commencement 
of their labors here, to stigmatize the 
people and put it beyond their power to 
accord those courtesies, which would be 
spontaneously given, if there were the 
least encouragement assured that they 
would be received by the officers with 
any degree of consideration. It ap- 
pears to us, of late years particularly, 
that many Federal officers have the 
idea that they are sent here not to bene- 
fit the people but to menace them and 
maintain a stiff, unapproachable attitude 
of superiority. The whole dignity of the 
Republican government, one would 
think, had to be sedulously maintained 
by their careful avoidance of any con- 
tact with the great body of the people. 
No community, that we have heard of, 
ever had so much "greatness thrust upon 
them" as we have, in this respect. 

Sixthly. The annual enthusiastic 
celebrations of the Nation's anniversary 
gives the lie to this charge. If the 
chief executives were slandered and 
abused, how is it that several counties 
of the Territory were named after them, 
and the capital city, also, for several 
years bore the name of President Fill- 
more. That the acts of the various ad- 
ministrations were criticised by the 
"Mormons" it is not necessary to deny; 
but that is one of the chief preroga- 
tives of American citizens, and is no 
whe'/e exercised with less license than in 
Utah. 

These are the famous charges of Judge 
Drummond, briefly shown up for what 
they were worth ; but the value put upon 
them, in 1857, when public opinion was 
at fever heat against the people of Utah, 
can scarcely be realized by those not ac- 
quainted with the facts. These sland- 
erous charges, vain, absurd and trifling 
as they are, produced a commotion in 
the land that will always be remembered 
as most unwarranted and childish, be- 
sides expensive, costing the Government 
more than forty millions of dollars. 

Vaux. 



A CONSECRATED LIFE. 55 

A CONSECRATED LIFE. 

ADDRESSED TO A.POSTLE ORSON PRATT, ON ATTAINING HIS SEVENTIETH YEAR, SEPT. 19, l88l. 

" Hoiv was he honored in the midst of the people, in his corning out of the Sanctuary!" 
"He was as the morning star in the midst of a cloud, and as the moon at the full;" 
'•As the sun shining upon the temple of the most High, and as the rainbow giving light in the 
bright clouds' ' — ECCLESI ASTICUS. 

There are thoughts the heart doth cherish, thoughts that never, never perish, 

They are those that backward reach to a life enjoyed before; 
Ere we came to taste of sorrow, or to hope the coming morrow 

Would be beautiful and better, as its morning we implore. 

Yes, our infant life in glory, had its thrilling, stirring story, 

Could we read it as 'tis written in the records kept on high; 
Days of joy as yet unuttered, though its alphabet is muttered, 

In the primaries of earth-life, when unclouded is the sky! 

Know we ought of Father, Mother; think we e'er of Sister, Brother? 

Yet we had these in our first home, as we have them here to-day, 
There we had our friends to greet us, they too had their times to meet us, 

In the social circles moving, in the good times far away! 

There were those amid the splendor of that home who failed to render 
That devotion to the rule of right which knowledge would imply; 

There were those whose rapt existence best curtailed the mighty distance, 
Between spirits undeveloped, and "the Majesty on High." 

These were true and faithful ever, yet their agency was never 

Crowded to a wished perfection in the realms of life above; 
They were valiant once in contest, true when haughty rebels pressed 

Their tempting claims on that vast host of spirits, aiding thus to prove! 

'Twas because these stood the trial there will ne'er be found denial 

Of their valor, or their title to the blessings held in store; 
"They shall rule in my dominions, on ever soaring pinions, 

Higher, wider shall their range be, through the future, evermore" 

"They shall bear in dispensations, unto earth and all its nations, 

Words of peace and life eternal to my children in the flesh;" 
"There reveal those truths which ever, bind as one that naught can sever, 

Those who in each probation shall due obedience learn afresh!" 

This the oath, the promise spoken; and the word of God unbroken, 

Will endure although the heavens as a scroll may pass away; 
In the archives grand, eternal, in the libraries supernal, 

In "the books" 'tis surely written, amid the blaze of heaven's day! 

Oh! in looking down the ages, what a line of Prophets, Sages, 

Since our Father Adam stood at first, in Paradise — a Man; 
Illustrious, God-appointed, by His spirit moved, anointed, 

To expound, enforce, and work upon true redemption's sacred plan! 

There were Seth and Enoch, Moses, Abraham, David; who supposes 
That the names of all are blazoned in the records we have now? 

That grand Isaiah and fellovv Seers, whom sacred history reveres, 
Were all who in the ages labored, or prophetic seed did sow! 

Names but lost to view (just hidden), names the future will unbidden 
Unveil from records hoarded, mighty deeds, their words of fire; 

The world shall know their graphic story, their life, their death and glory, 
And all their faith, example, triumph, shall God's Israel yet inspire ! 



5 6 A CONSECRATED LIFE. 

What a wondrous revelation, the meridian dispensation, 
Did to many a skeptic's faithless heart in Palestine display, 

When the Savior taught with power, and with miracle did dower, 
The truth, in simple earnest lesson, as He taught men by the way. 

By learned Scribe and Pharisee, He was jostled, forced to flee, 

Persecution was upon Him, and it fell upon His friends, 
Priests left no likely stone unturned, no coward lie by them was spurned 

'Till Calvary's cross filled up their damned and deep designing ends ! 

The humble, mighty men He left, endured and were of all bereft, 

Apostles were the shining mark, objects of intense hate, 
They passed from dungeon, and through fire, to the glory which is higher 

Life exultant, through heaven's widely open gold and pearly gate ! 

So in this greatest latter time, in this most highly favored clime, 

In this anciently appointed home of liberty— the best; 
The precious truths of old renewed, sees wicked men with hands imbrued 

In blood which, unatoned, in Carthage stains the mighty, mighty West! 

There the Prophet God most surely sent, the leader, He in mercy lent, 
Was sore smitten as the Prophets were, in ages long ago ! 

His warning words will stand for e'er, and his true calling shall declare, 
From all the tropic's heat and verdure, past the line of polar snow ! 

Nor will His work attract decay, 'twill greater grow from day to day, 
It shall sweep around the earth, and "from the rivers to the sea," 

Its success is God decreed, from every martyr's blood the seed 
Shall fertilize uncounted hearts of men who are, and yet shall he ! 

Those brave ones whom His work inspired, those men whose inmost hearts were fired 
With love, the spirit of the Gospel, permeated by its light, 

Who bravely patient stood the test, and clung the more with honest zest, 
To full conversion of the heart and life, by knowledge of the right; 

By all the world may be despised, by their disciples much are prized, 

For their labor mid 'the nations in the ever, ever past; 
For the welcome truths they brought, that came as gold which long was sought, 

Then queried simply as a dream, too good, and far too bright to last ! 

'Twas far away on Europe's shore, where dashing breakers ever roar, 

Round that island, set an emerald amid the surging sea, 
Was heard a strangely moving voice, which made the very heart rejoice, 

As if 'twere memory's repetition of words once heard before ! 

A faithful man, devoted, true, pressed home the message, old yet new, 
Declaring, unappalled by fear, all the counsel of his God. 

And whether men approved or no, the Gospel trump did loudly blow, 
Sure 'twas no uncertain sound from him was heard on England's sod. 

The flying years have sped since then, yet well the heart remembers when 
And where the message sweetly came, and it first on earth was heard, 

O ! memory gladly garners now, both feeling then, and solemn vow, 
The good thoughts that enraptured, and the startled bosom stirred ! 

Increasing age creeps on apace, and the champion of the race, 
The mighty man, as a Priest ordained, a missionary then, 

Adown life's rugged sunset slopes, still bears his early pristine hopes, 
Unshrinking yet doth testify, with voice inspired, and ready pen ! 

Our deep and earnest thoughts we give, that he our teacher long may live, 
Though all of threescore years and ten so swift have passed away; 

O! if 'tis now Thy blessed will, Thine aged servant give us still, 
To point 'mid superstition's darkness oft the path to endless day ! 



A CONSECRATED LIFE. 



57 



"Whene'er this mortal life shall fail, may pure devotion's incense trail, 

And all about his pathway gather for the good that he has done; 
"Until in realms immortal, he shall enjoy the well earned total 

Of the blessings promised to him, 'neath thine heaven's unclouded sun !" 

"Yet, if thou hast willed removal, we would bow in sad approval, 

For our vision hath its limits, so we know not what is best; 
Thou dwellest in the undimned light, hence all thy ways are just and right; 

We walk by faith and not by sight 'mid earth's implied unrest!" 

"Let Israel's hearty voice be heard, fervent prayers in ringing word, 

Incline thine august ear to attend their cries, in numbers vast;" 
"Bless thou each tried and faithful one, forget, we pray our Father, none, 

And bid each future rolling year in good outstrip the treasured past !" 

Reordained for Priesthood's order, and enrolled by the recorder; 

Set among His favored chosen ones, 'cause of worthiness above, 
In the past as nobles counted, they had trials well surmounted, 

'Twas the impulse of their spirit, and their duty was of love ! 

Thus they came to earth selected, not because themselves elected, 

That as messengers of Jesus they in latter times should tell, 
The full purpose of the Father, and that His designs were rather 

That his children should obedient be and ever with Him dwell ! 

They have bravely filled their mission, and a few have had permission 

To return to Father's presence in His mansions of the sky, 
And a few are yet remaining, without murmur, uncomplaining, 

Waiting for the welcome summons which is coming "by and bye !" 

Then what shouts of welcome greeting will be heard at that glad meeting, 
As they clasp their old companions 'mid the temples built of old, 

Where the spires of glory glisten, as the Saints forget to listen, 

For they join the anthems pealing through the arches made of gold! 

" 'Mid the Prophets, Seers and Martyrs may we drink the living waters 

Flowing from the throne eternal as a limpid living stream; 
O ! a corner e'er so humble, when old earth begins to crumble 

Would repay for any sacrifice, and this "life's fitful dream!" 

There all the faithful shall have peace, there enjoy that full increase, 
Which springs from both probations filled, with honor well approved; 

The angels shall in bliss look on, for exaltation fairly won, 

And sweep their harps in joyous strains of music which hath ever moved ! 

As Kings and Priests to God at last, and blessed with an experience vast, 

They'll climb that lofty station, which is rule and power divine; 
And not as sons of God, alone — /hey in their ozon right have a throne, 

As Gods in light and majesty eternally to shine ! Henry W. Naisbitt. 



Acts of Love. — Each one of a thou- 
sand acts of love costs very little by 
itself, and yet, when viewed all together, 
who can estimate their value? What is 
it that secures for one the name of a 
kind neighbor? Not the doing of half a 
dozen great favors in as many years, but 
the little everyday kindnesses none of 
which seems of much consequence con- 
sidered in itself, but the continued repe- 



tition of which sheds a sunlight over the 
whole neighborhood. These little kind- 
nesses that come from a loving heart are 
the sunbeams that lighten up a dark and 
woeful world. 

Character must stand behind and back 
up everything — the sermon, the poem, 
the picture, the play. None of them is 
worth a straw without it. 



58 



EDITORIAL. 



THE CONTRIBUTOR. 

A MONTHLY MAGAZINE. 

JUNIUS F. WELLS, 

Editor and Publisher. 

terms: 

Two Dollars a Year, - In Advance. 

Single. Copy, Twenty Cents. 

Salt Lake City, November, 1881. 

ORSON PRATT. 

The Gatherer of life's harvest has 
been busy this year, reaping indiscrim- 
inately, it would seem, the young and ten- 
der plant, just budding into bloom, and 
the full, ripe shock, weighed down with 
fruit and ready for the garner. Of the 
latter, a bounteous harvest has been 
gathered home. Many of the veteran 
fathers, whose familiar forms have 
long been cherished as strong pil- 
lars of the Church, have been called 
away, and with the departure of each,the 
reflection is forced upon us that their 
numbers are fast diminishing. It will 
not be long before a Saint of Kirtland 
days, of Nauvoo times, even, will be 
rarely met. Already we have to mourn 
the absence of the last faithful member 
of the original quorum of Apostles. 
How many other quorums are completely 
eliminated of their original members, we 
cannot say, but fifty years added to the 
youngest of those, who first composed 
them, brings them nearly to the shadow 
of the valley of death. 

On the morning of October 3d, 1881, 
the venerable and illustrious Apostle, 
Orson Pratt, died, at his residence in 
the 19th ward. He had been an invalid 
for over a year, and his grand, strong, 
almost iron constitution had been broken 
for upwards of two years, in fact from 
the time that he performed his last mis- 
sion to England, in the interest of the 
Church publications. It is said that he 
worked there, in preparing the plates for 
the new editions of the Book of Mor- 
mon and Doctrine and Covenants, from 
ten to fourteen hours per day. It was 



observed on his return home, that his 
system had received a fearful shock, 
and we believe that he never completely 
recovered from it. The following ad- 
mirable epitome of his laborious career 
appeared in the Deseret News, and brief- 
ly narrates the principal events of 
Brother Pratt's life: 

Orson Pratt was born in Hartford, 
Washington County, New York, Sep- 
tember 19, 181 1, and was the son of Jared 
and Charity (Dickinson) Pratt. His 
father was a descendant of William 
Pratt, who, with his brother John, came 
to this country from .England with the 
Pilgrim Fathers, and afterwards located 
at Hartford, Connecticut, in June, 1636, 
having, as supposed, accompanied Rev. 
Thos. Hooker and others of his congre- 
gation from Newton, now called Cam- 
bridge, Massachusetts, to settle at Hart- 
ford. William Pratt was a member of 
the Connecticut legislature during some 
twenty-five or thirty sessions, and was 
one of the Judges of the first court in 
New London county. 

During Orson Pratt's boyhood, the 
family removed to New Lebanon, in 
Columbia county, where he attended 
school until 1825, acquiring a common 
school education, and becoming familiar 
with arithmetic and book-keeping. He 
also studied the Bible. From the time 
he was eleven years old, he worked at 
farming at different places, attending 
school in the winter. Going to Lorain 
County, Ohio, in the fall of 1827, in 
the fall of 1828 he performed a journey of 
nearly seven hundred miles to Connecti- 
cut, went thence to Long Island, and in 
the winter of 1829-30 studied geography, 
grammar and surveying at a boarding 
academy. 

In September, 1830, his brother,Parley 
P. Pratt, who had embraced the Gospel 
taught by Joseph Smith the Prophet, 
came with another Elder to the place 
where Orson was residing, who received 
their testimony and was baptized Sep- 
tember 19, 1830, his birthday, being then 
nineteen years old. In the following 
month he traveled two hundred miles to 
see the Prophet Joseph, in Fayette, 
Seneca County, New York. On the 4th 



EDITORIAL. 



59 



of November he received, through that 
servant of God, the revelation to be 
found in the Doctrine and Covenants, 
section xxxiv, in which he was called 
of God to preach the Gospel, to lift 
up his voice both long and loud, to cry 
repentance, and prepare the way before 
the coming of the Lord. 

He was confirmed and ordained an 
Elder, December i, 1830, and went on his 
first mission to Colesville, Broome Coun- 
ty, New York, and in the early part of 
1831^ went on foot to Kirtland, Ohio, 
where the Prophet had removed, a dis- 
tance of seven hundred miles. He then 
performed several missions in Ohio, 
Illinois and Missouri, baptizing many 
converts. At a conference in Amherst, 
Ohio, he was set apart, June 25, 1832, to 
preside over the Elders, and went on a 
mission to the Eastern States. Feb- 
ruary 1, 1832, he was ordained a High 
Priest. 

He then traveled and preached with- 
out purse or scrip, through Ohio, Penn- 
sylvania, New Jersey and New York 
City to Long Island, thence northeast 
through part of Vermont into New Hamp- 
shire, preaching and baptizing by the 
way and making many converts in Bath, 
N. H., Charleston, Vermont, and then 
proceeding to the southern part of Con- 
necticut, with continued success. After 
laboring in these parts till the fall of 
1832, he started west, traveling some 
three or four hundred miles, preaching, 
baptizing, ordaining men to the ministry, 
and laboring in many parts of New 
York, and arrived in Kirtland, Ohio, 
February 17, 1833, having traveled on 
foot about four thousand miles, baptized 
one hundred and four persons,and organ- 
ized several new branches. 

Here he attended the School of the 
Prophets, and again went East, perform- 
ing another successful mission, traveling 
two thousand miles in six months, and 
baptizing over fifty persons. After 
laboring on the House of the Lord, he 
started, on November 27, to visit the 
eastern churches, and returned to Kirt- 
land, February 13, 1834, having traveled 
about one thousand miles. 

In thirteen days he was started out 



again, with Elder Orson Hyde, on a 
special mission, being absent about two 
months, traveling eight hundred miles. 
He next traveled with Zion's Camp to 
Missouri, being captain of a company. 
July 7th he was ordained one of the stand- 
ing High Council in Zion, visited the 
scattered churches in Clay County, and 
in August was sent eastward, traveling 
through Illinois and Indiana to Ohio, 
suffering severely through fatigue and 
ague, arriving in Kirtland April 26, 1835, 
on which day he was ordained one of 
the Twelve Apostles, under the hands 
of David Whitmer and Oliver Cowdery. 
On May 4th he went on another mission 
to the Eastern States, being absent 
about six months. During the winter 
and early spring he taught a grammar 
school in Kirtland, and also studied 
Hebrew, and then received his endow- 
ments in the Kirtland Temple. His 
next mission was to Canada West, on 
which he left April 6, 1836, baptizing 
many persons and raising up several 
branches of the Church. 

On July 4th he was married to Sarah 
M. Bates, whom he had baptized in 
Sackett's Harbor, June 13, 1835. In 
the fall, having returned to Kirtland, 
he studied algebra, and after providing 
a home for his wife, went to the State 
of New York and labored in the ministry 
during the winter of 1837-8. In April, 
1838, the Saints having been driven 
from Far West, he went there to fulfil a 
revelation, and with several of the 
Twelve, met at the corner stone of the 
Temple, whence they parted to preach 
the Gospel to foreign nations. 

In the fall he preached through the 
eastern churches, and in the spring of 
1840 embarked for England, preached 
nine months in Edinburgh, Scotland, 
raised up a branch of over two hundred 
persons, and in the spring of 1 841 started 
to return to America. He went to Nau- 
voo, where he took charge of a mathe- 
matical school ; then took a mission 
through the Eastern States in the sum- 
mer of 1843, and on his return in the 
fall was elected to the City Council, 
helped to draw up a memorial to Con- 
gress, and went to Washington in the 



6o 



EDITORIAL. 



spring of 1844 to present it. He labored 
among the churches east till the news 
of the martyrdom of the Prophet was 
received, when he returned to Nauvoo. 
During the difficulties that succeeded 
the death of the Prophet and Patriarch, 
he labored with the Twelve, which was 
the presiding quorum of the Church, in 
the management of its affairs, shared in 
the expulsion from Nauvoo, crossed the 
plains with the pioneers in 1847, and on 
the way, when weather would permit, 
took astronomical and other scientific 
observations, determining, by the aid 
of the sextant and circle of reflection, 
the latitudes and longitudes of the most 
prominent places, the changes of ele- 
vation above sea level, etc., in an anticipa- 
tion of the great highway which even then 
it was expected by the Saints would span 
this vast continent. He was the first to 
enter Salt Lake Valley, having preceded 
the main body of the company three 
days. 

In 1848 he was appointed President 
over all the branches of the Church in 
England, Scotland, Wales, Ireland and 
adjacent countries, starting on the nth 
of May. The number of Church mem- 
bers then was about eighteen thousand, 
which, during his presidency of two 
years, was increased to twenty-six thou- 
sand. In this short period he chartered 
and fitted out from fifteen to eighteen 
ships loaded with Saints for Utah. In 
the midst of this press of business, he 
wrote fifteen pamphlets, and published 
and circulated several hundred thousand 
of them in different languages. At the 
same time he edited the Millemiial Star, 
and increased its circulation from less 
than four thousand to nearly twenty- 
three thousand copies. He lectured, at 
different times, to large audiences in the 
principal cities in England and Scot- 
land. 

In 1852 he was appointed on a mission 
to Washington, to take the Presidential 
charge of the Church, in the United 
States and British Provinces east of the 
Rocky Mountains, and there published 
The Seer. In the spring and summer 
of 1853 he again went on a mission to 
Europe, returning the following year. 



On the 22d of April, he again went to 
England and presided over the Euro- 
pean mission, publishing more pamphlets, 
and returned by way of California, while 
the army was en route to Utah, arriving 
home in 'January, 1858. On September 
22, i860, he was called on a mission to the 
United States, being gone about one year. 
On the 24th of April, 1864, he was set 
apart for a mission to Austria. He went 
to that land, but in consequence of the 
stringent laws, was unable to open the 
door of the Kingdom to that nation, but 
bore his testimony to the authorities and 
left, going over to England, where he 
visited the conferences and labored as- 
siduously, returning August 4, 1867. In 
1869 he went to New York City and 
transcribed and published the Book of 
Mormon in phonetic characters, called 
the Deseret Alphabet. 

In August, 1870, he held the famous 
three days' discussion with Dr. J. P. 
Newman, on the subject of Polygamy, 
completely overthrowing the argument 
of his antagonist, and proving the doc- 
trine of Celestial Marriage, Scriptural 
and Divine. 

At the adjourned General Confer- 
ence in 1874, he was appointed and sus- 
tained Historian and General Church 
Recorder, which position he retained 
till his decease. 

On the 18th of July, 1877, he once 
more left to cross the ocean, this time 
to transcribe and publish an edition of 
the Book of Mormon in the Pitman 
phonetic characters. He was soon called 
home, however, returning on the 27th 
of September. On the 3d of September, 
1878, he went east with Apostle Joseph 
F. Smith, visiting the Whitmers in Mis- 
souri, the Hill Cumorah and other places 
figuring in the history of the Church, and 
returned on the 3d of October. On the 
3d of December he started again for 
England, to electrotype the Book of 
Mormon and Doctrine and Covenants, 
which he arranged in verses, with foot 
notes and references. From this impor- 
tant and laborious mission, he returned 
September 2, 1879. He visited a num- 
ber of Conferences, attended the Legis- 
lature, acting in his usual capacity of 



CHRONICLES OF UTAH. 



61 



Speaker of the House. After that time 
his health was poor, and he could do little 
in the Historian's Office. 

He was the last of the original Coun- 
cil of the Twelve Apostles of the Church. 
He crossed the ocean sixteen times, on 
missions of salvation. He found time 
to study the higher mathematics, and, in 
addition to his published scientific books, 
has left an elaborate work in manuscript 
on the Differential Calculus, containing 
original principles. He was the father 
of sixteen sons and sixteen daughters, 
and leaves forty- three grandchildren. 

The funeral services of Apostle Orson 
Pratt were solemnized in the large 
Tabernacle, on Thursday, October 6th. 
commencing at one o'clock. The body 
had previously been viewed by thousands 
of the people, who thronged the great 



building. The exercises consisted of 
beautiful and impressive singing by the 
choir, prayer by President Joseph F. 
Smith and appropriate and feeling dis- 
courses by his life companions and fellow 
Apostles of the Lord Jesus Christ; 
Wilford Woodruff, Lorenzo Snow, 
Franklin D. Richards, Presidents John 
Taylor and George Q. Cannon. The 
benediction was pronounced by Counse- 
lor Daniel H. Wells. The procession to 
the cemetery was very large, and the 
remains of this good, honorable and 
valiant man, were laid away with de- 
corum and the respect of thousands, who 
will miss his venerable countenance, but 
will ever cherish his memory, as one of 
the special witnesses of Christ,who testi- 
fied long and loud to the truth of the Mas- 
ter's work. 



CHRONICLES OF UTAH. 



On August 28th, 1852, a special Con- 
ference assembled in the Tabernacle. 
There were present, the First Presidency, 
Brigham Young, Heber C. Kimball and 
Willard Richards; Presiding Patriarch, 
John Smith; of the Twelve Apostles, 
John Taylor, Wilford Woodruff, Geo. A. 
Smith, Ezra T. Benson, Erastus Snow 
and Franklin D. Richards; First Presi- 
dents of the Seventies, Joseph Young, 
Plenry Herriman, Zera Pulsipher, Albert 
P. Rockwood, Jedediah M. Grant; 
Presidency of High Priests, John Young, 
Reynolds Cahoon, George B. Wallace; 
Presiding Bishop, Edward Hunter. 
Ninety-eight missionaries were called at 
this Conference to go to England, 
Ireland, Wales, France, Germany, Ber- 
lin, Norway, Denmark, Gibraltar, Nova 
Scotia and British America, West 
Indies, British Guiana, Australia, Sand- 
wich Islands, Hindoostan, Siam, China, 
Cape of Good Hope, Texas, New 
Orleans, St. Louis, Iowa and Washing- 
ton City. President H. C. Kimball pro- 
posed, and the vast assembly sustained 
Elder Orson Pratt for the appointment 
to Washington, and to preside over the 



Saints in the United States, in Upper 
and Lower Canada, and the British 
Provinces in North America. 

On the following day, the Conference 
concluded, when the great revelation on 
Celestial Marriage, given by the Prophet 
Joseph Smith, at Nauvoo, July 12th, 
1843, was publicly read in the Taber- 
nacle, thousands of copies of which 
were printed and circulated. One of 
these copies (the revised proof, by Presi- 
dent Willard Richards), is preserved in 
the Deseret Museum, authenticated by 
James McKnight, at that time, foreman 
of the printing office of the Deseret 
News. 

At the regular Conference, October 
6th, the importance of building a Temple 
in Salt Lake City, was preached upon, in 
the most earnest manner by President 
Young. Practical instructions were also 
given upon iron manufacture, in which 
he was ably supported by the late 
Brother George A. Smith, and others of 
the brethren. A specimen of pig iron 
from the furnaces of Iron County was 
exhibited at this Conference. 

Improvements in the city were made 
in beautifying public buildings; stores on 



62 



CHRONICLES OF UTAH. 



East Temple Street were erected; the 
Social Hall was erected; the wall 
around the Temple Block was continued ; 
a sugar factory was projected, and build- 
ings prepared for the reception of suit- 
able machinery; the utilization of the 
beet, being intended as a sugar-making 
material. 

In the settlements, great improve- 
ments were also made during this year, 
and locations were sought after in new 
places. A beautiful country was discov- 
ered at the junction of the Rio Virgen 
and Santa Clara. At Parowan (former- 
ly called "Centre Creek"), public build- 
ings continued to be erected, and home 
manufactures extended ; at Fillmore, 
improvements progressed slowly; at 
Tooele, the interests of education were 
attended to under the direction of Elder 
John Rowberry. The settlement of La 
Compte, was this year changed to Manti. 
The very beautiful white stone now used 
for building the Temple in that city, 
began to attract general attention; 
General D. H. Wells, in writing res- 
pecting it, says: "The President thinks 
we had better get all our cut stone from 
this place." This was before the gran- 
ite of the Cottonwoods had been deter- 
mined on for our Salt Lake Temple. 
The city of Nephi was enlarged consid- 
erably, having been settled in Septem- 
ber, 1 85 1 . The fourth and twenty-fourth 
of July were celebrated generally in the 
cities of the Saints throughout the 
Territory; conferences were also held in 
such cities as were designated by the 
different local presidents, and the entire 
community had become greatly inspired 
in its operations as a State. 

During this year, several works of 
merit in sculpture and modeling were 
done by a young man named William 
Ward, some of which are preserved in 
our Museum. One piece of the Manti 
rock was prepared by his chisel for the 
Washington Monument; the block was 
three feet long, two feet wide, and six 
and a half inches thick; in the centre 
was the beehive, the emblem of indus- 
try, over it, the motto, "Holiness to the 
Lord ;" above all this, the All-seeing Eye 
with rays; beneath the hive, the word 



"Deseret;" the whole was surmounted 
by different kinds of foliage, enriched 
with the convolvulus; on each side 
were spandrils, one containing the 
symbol of union, embellished with 
foliage; the other contained a cornuco- 
pias; near the edge of the tablet, was 
a fillet one and a quarter inches wide and 
three-quarters of an inch deep. 

The Governor's message, delivered to 
the Legislature, December 15th, 1852, 
was an able address; the officers of the 
Council were: Willard Richards, Presi- 
dent; James Ferguson, Secretary; Thos. 
W. Ellerbeck, Assistant Secretary, 
George D. Grant, Sergeant-at-arms ; 
Robt. T. Burton, Foreman; Henry P. 
Richards, Messenger; Geo. D. Watt, 
Reporter; John Smith, Chaplain. The 
officers of the House of Representatives 
were: Jedediah M. Grant, Speaker of 
the House; Thos. Bullock, Chief Clerk; 
Jonathan Grimshaw, Assistant Clerk; 
William H. Kimball, Sergeant-at-arms; 
Joseph A. Young, Messenger; Walter 
Thomson, Reporter; Jeremiah Willey, 
Chaplain; Thomas Colborn, Assistant 
Sergeant-at-arms. Much useful legisla- 
tion was effected during this session; 
among important acts, that of the incor- 
poration of the Deseret Iron Company 
will remain as a memento of the efforts 
of our leading men to establish iron 
manufactures. 

There is much difficulty in getting a 
correct idea of the prices of articles sold 
in 1852; wheat seems to have been from 
seventy-five cents to one dollar per 
bushel, cooking stoves (inferior) from 
seventy-five dollars to one hundred and 
fifty dollars. The influx of gold from the 
west caused considerable perturbation 
in prices. Brown shirting and sheeting, 
twenty to thirty cents per yard; hickory 
shirting, twenty-five to thirty cents; Ken- 
tucky jeans, seventy-five cents to one 
dollar and twenty-five cents; cotton 
flannel, thirty to forty cents; prints, 
twenty-five to fifty cents; glass was 
fifteen to eighteen dollars per half box; 
foolscap and letter paper, ten to twelve 
dollars per ream; manufactured steel 
and iron goods, of all kinds, commanded 
high prices. 



ASSOCIATION INTELLIGENCE. 



63 



The business part of the city was at 
this time gradually moving in the direc- 
tion of its present site, in East Temple 
Street. The advertisements of the day, 
carefully indicated the location; William 
Nixon states that the various goods he 
advertises will be sold cheap "for cash, 
wheat or flour. Shop, at Jacob Houtz' 
house, on the southeast corner of Coun- 
cil House Street" (now East Temple) 
"and Emigration Street" (now Third 
South), "opposite to Mr. Orson Spen- 
cer's." Daft and Hague, gunsmiths, 
advertise "their establishment one block 
and a half south of the Tithiug Office." 
At this time the price of photographs 
had come down from four to five dollars 
each to two dollars and fifty cents, cash, 
or, "two persons taken on the same 
plate, four dollars," "not delivered ex- 
cept paid for," were the terms. 

One of the public works moved for- 
ward this year was the Cottonwood 
Canal, now destined to come into use. 



One of the great desires of the late 
President Brigham Young, was to see 
this city well supplied with water. In 
1869, when an effort was being made, by 
his direction, to bring down water from 
the Red Butte Canon, he said, "the time 
will come when all these wards, pointing 
to the First, Second, Third, Eighth, 
Ninth, Tenth, Eleventh and Twelfth 
Wards, will be supplied with water by 
canal, and the people of the north and 
east bench lands will get supplies of 
water from the canon streams." No one 
but those personally acquainted with 
President Brigham Young knew his 
deep solicitude for the well-being of the 
people. Beta. 



Poverty, idleness and honesty never 
travel together. — Billings, 

It is one thing to have a house to live 
in, and quite another thing to have a 
home to live in. 



ASSOCIATION INTELLIGENCE. 



MODEL programme: 

Opening exercises, 15 min. 

Bible exercise, "Life of Daniel," 15 
min. 

Essay,"Underground Railways of Lon- 
don," 15 min. 

Declamation, "Battleof Bunker Hill," 
5 min. 

Singing, Quartette of male voices, 10 
min. 

Book of Mormon exercises, "Two 
Thousand 'Sons of Heleman,'" 10 
min. 

Spelling match, 20 min. 

Testimony, speeches of visitors, 15 
min. 

Programme and closing exercises, 15 
min. 

Note: this programme gave great 
pleasure to the members and visitors. 
Our select voices having practiced well 
did some fine singing. The spelling 
match was a new feature, and was a 
success. 



ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS. 

i. Two: Edward Partridge and Newel 
K. Whitney. 

2. It was called Ramah, by the Jared- 
ites, Book of Ether xv: n. 

3. John Wesley was born at Epworth, 
Lincolnshire, England, June 17, 1703, 
died March 2, 1791. He was the founder 
of Methodism, being the first to promul- 
gate the foundation principle of that 
sect, which is described as, "The doctrine 
of a conscious salvation through faith 
alone." Wesley visited America in 1735, 
remaining over two years in Georgia. 

4. "In the wilderness, between Har- 
mony, Susquehanna county, Penn., 
and Colesville, Broome count}', New 
York, on the Susquehanna River." See 
Doctrine and Covenants, cxxviii: 20. 

The time is not so definite, though 
from the History of Joseph, it is tolerably 
certain that it was between the 15th of 
May, and the end of June, 1829. A care- 
ful study of the history and revelations 



64 



PUBLICATIONS RECEIVED. 



may decide this question. We shall 
publish more in regard to it hereafter. 

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS. 

What was the name of "the brother of 
Jared." R. A. 

Mahonri Moriancumer. The latter 
name is mentioned in the Book of Ether, 
ii: 13. 

What is the population of Utah? Enq. 

By the Census of 1880: 143,690. An 
increase of 56,904 in ten years. 

Did President Young ever hold a 
military office? A. y. T. 

He succeeded Joseph Smith as Lieu- 
tenant-General of the Nauvoo Legion, 
and as Governor of Utah, was Com- 
mander-in-chief of the militia. 

What is Pulque? O.N. 

It is an intoxicating drink made from 
the Maguey Plant, in Mexico. 

Who was the first convert to the Gos- 
pel, baptised in England? I.P.R. 

George D. Watt, who died recently in 
Kaysville, Utah. 

QUESTIONS TO ANSWER. 

Can some one name the author of these 
lines, and the poem in which they occur ? 
Absent or dead, let a friend be ever dear, 
A sigh the absent claims; the dead, a tear." 

Alarm. 

2. When was the revelation on Celes- 
tial Marriage given? A date is named in 
the Doctrine and Covenants, but I have 
heard it stated that that date only re- 
fers to the time when it was first written. 

Ruth. 

3. By what route did the lost tribes find 
their way to the North Countries? 

A. N. T. 



Calling on a dead friend. — La 
Fontaine, the French fabulist, was re- 
markable for his absence of mind. The 
following comical anecdote illustrates 
this habit: 

Once upon a time, while engaged upon 
his Fables, he lost, by death, one of his 
nearest and dearest friends; and he no* 
only attended the funeral, but acted as 
pall-bearer. 

After he had given the last of the copy 
of his compilation to the printer, and 



had time on his hand for recreation, he 
thought he would call upon a few of his 
cherished friends; and the first to receive 
his attention was the man whose funeral 
he had attended a few weeks previously. 
He rang at the door, and of the porter 
who answered the summons he asked to 
see his master. The porter looked at 
him in surprise. 

"Has Monsieur forgotten?" 
"Eh ? Is not this the place ?" 
"It is the place ; but do you forget that 
M. de Prefet is dead ?" 

"Why!" cried La Fontaine elevating 
his eye brows in simple, childlike aston- 
ishment, "Bless me, so he is! — I at- 
tended his funeral, didn't I ? — What a mis- 
take ! You need not call him! Good-day !' 



PUBLICATIONS RECEIVED. 

Youth's Companion: The Thanks- 
giving number of this periodical was a 
most excellent one, being double the 
usual size. The enterprise of the pub- 
lishers, Messrs. Perry Mason & Co., 
Boston, in making this the leading juve- 
nile paper of America, has secured 
for them enviable fame, and for the 
Companion a welcome in thousands of 
homes throughout the country. 

Heman's Bible Almanac : The 
second year of this little annual brings 
it to our desk with improvements. The 
Bible texts, quoted for each day in the 
year, are carefully selected and appropri- 
ate. The Almanac also contains some 
well written essays on Domestic Life, 
The Bible, etc. Being our only home- 
made Almanac, it should have a wide 
circulation among the people. Price 
15 cents. For sale at Deseret News 
Office. 

Tullidge's Quarterly: No. 4 of 
this large and fine magazine is a very 
good one. It contains a historical sketch 
of Cache County, a political discourse, 
and a variety of entertaining matter. 
The illustrations consist of six elegant 
steel engravings of the following sub- 
jects: President William B. Preston, 
Hon. William Jennings, Mrs. Priscilla 
Jennings, Hiram B. Clawson, Thomas 
Williams and the Devereux House. 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



fiiiti 



§ 




Violins, korieons, Guitars, Flutes, Banjos, Brass. Instruments, Drums, 

And all kinds of 
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AND 



lugs, V j 

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Best and Cheapest at Lh^ 

CARELESS' POPULAR MUSIC HOUSE, 

1234 First South Street, Salt Lake City. 



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JUST ISSUED 

By J. H. HEMAN, 

Salt Lake City, Utah. 



lowest m 




(Second Year.) 

3LS otss- per copy. 

A liberal discount will be alloived to Canvas- 
sers. 

A few copies of last year's Almanac for sale 
at the same price. 



AIN^WAGONS. 

A full stock of theseCelebrated Wagons always on hand; they are the 
favorite-and leading wagons in Utah. 1 keep a full stock of the 
Celebrated Oliver *'liille*l Plows. Casssutay Sulky and 

Moline Plows, also a full line of Hardware and Wagon 
Material, the most complete selection to be found in the market. 
All kinds of 

&GMMG&&W&8M iM^&BMBJtTSm 

Call on or address: HOWARD SEBREE, Salt Lake and Ogden, Utah. 




ADVERTISEMENTS. 



H. B. CLAWSON, 

Dealer in Wool, Hides, Pells, Furs, etc, Agri- 
cultural Implements of all kinds, Steel Mot- 
• lorn Scrapeis, Victor Cane Mills, James Lef- 
fel's Turbine Wheels, Kconomy Portable Hay 
Press, Machine Extras, Spring Waxons, Farm 
Wagons, Hazard Powder, Gliddeu's Steel 
Barb Fence Wire, Farm and Church Bells, 
Kennedy's celebrated Sheep Dip. Goods not 
in Stock ordered on Commission when de- 
sired. 1212 and 1216 South Temple Street. 



ELIAS MORRIS, 

GRAVE AND MONUMENTAL MASONS, 

PLASTER OF PARIS MANUFACTURERS, 

BUILDERS & CONTRACTORS; 



P. 0. Box, 1065, 



SALT LAZE CITY. 



DAVID JAMES, 

PLUMBER, TINNER, GAS AND STEAM 

FITTER. WATER PIPES 

LAID TO ORDER. 

DEALER IN PUMPS, HOSE AND IRON PIPES, 

AND SHEET LEAD. 

Office and Work Shop, 67 and 69 Main Street. 



Mmte M Western Markets. 



No. 1237 
1st South St., 



No. 62 
2nd South St, 



WHITE & SONS, 

Proprietors. 



Have always on hand the 

CHOICEST OF MEATS 



iisr se^sohst. 



PORK AND BEEF SAUSAGES, 

BOLOG2TA, 
And all kinds of 



All orders entrusted to our care 
promptly delivered. 



In their New 3 Story Building, 




F. AUERB A CH & BRO., 



124 and 126 East Temple Street. 



Announce that they now carry the Largest and Best Stocks mentioned in the various Depart- 
ments, ever shown west of Chicago. 

DRESS GOODS DEPARTMENT: 

Replete with Brocades, Silks, Satins, French Plaids, etc. Mostly of our own direct importa- 
tion from European Markets. 

DOMESTIC AND HOUSE FURNISHING DEP'T: 

Barnsley Table Damasks, Table and Piano Covers, Towels, Napkins, etc., etc. 

BOOT AND SHOE DEP'T: 

Ladies' and Children's Shoes and Slippers of the best make; Gents' and Boys' Boots, Gaiters 
and Alexis Ties. 

CLOAK AND SHAWL DEP'T: 
Cloaks and Shawls, Stylish and Cheap. French Ulsters, Satin Skirts and Knit Goods of every 
description. 

CLOTHING AND GENERAL FURNISHING DEP'T: 
Gents' and Children's Suits, Ulsters, Overcoats, White Shirts, Underwear, Hats, etc. 
HOSIERY AND FANCY GOODS DEP'T: 
Abounds in all novelties in Silk, Cashmere, Balbrigan and Domestic Hosiery, Laces, Fringes, 
Silk and Cambric Handkerchiefs. Corsets, thirty styles, etc. 

WHOLESALE BUYERS, 

Will find our Stock Larger than ever, better displayed and at prices to compete with Eastern or 
Western Markets. MILLINERY in all its branches, at Wholesale only. 



Orders from this and adjoining; Territories and States Solicited, and honorably 
treatment Guaranteed. 

^. -A.-CTE^B^.aia: sz brother, 

ESTABLISHED 1864. 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



L- p. ^ardy. p. ft. Hardy 

HARDY BROTHERS, 

SUOCESSORS TO A.. 3D. "5^0XT3ST<3-, 
DEALERS IN 

Staple and Fane; Bras, Dry Ms and lotions. 

2© «Sc 2S 2v£ain Street, Opposite Sj. C. 2vdl. I. 

AGENTS FOR THE CELEBRATED 

Studebaher Farm and Spring Wagons, Buckeye Mowers and 

Reapers, Furst 8f Bradley South Bend Chilled Plows, 

Harrows, Sulky Blows and Bakes, Etc. 

also sn^Xj^Bs nr 

HARDWOOD, BOLTS, IBM, 3TSSL, CHAINS, & AH IMS OF FAM FEEDS, 



We kindly invite our friends to call and examine our stock before purchasing elsewhere. 

FRED. TURNER, Superintendent. 

W. H. Yearian. • C. L. Hannaman. 

W. M, YE ART AM «§ @®„ 

MEN'S FUENISHING GOODS 

AND 

FINE HATS SHIRTS, COLLARS AND CUFFS, 

To Order and Ready Made. 

UNDERWEAR & HOSIERY, NECKWEAR, SILK & LINEN HANDKERCHIEFS, ETC., 

Large Assortment, Latest Styles, at Popular Prices. 
W. H. YEARIAN & Co., 122 Main Street, Salt Lake City. 

■ ' 1 

EAG-LE HOUSE, 

SALT LAKE CITY, 



Wholesale and Eetail Dealer in 

Dry Hoods, Groceries, Boots, Shoes, Hardware, Notions, £ n n d d s * General Merchandise 

BEST HOUSE FOR FAMILY SUPPLIES. 



S. I\ TEASDEL, 

P. 0. BOX. 352. East Temple Street. 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 





E3 

a? 

|SUU!1U|| 



^SS7 



The Leading 




This Institution carries in its Immense Stock 
Complete Lines of 



GLASSWARE. 



CROCKERY. 



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CARPETS. 



BOOTS arid SHOES. 



The Public are cordially invited to call and 
inspect our goods. 



e 



^ SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH. (* 



WILLIAM JENNINGS, Superintendent. 



PROSPECTUS OF 



THE CONTRIBUTOR, 

REPRESENTING THE YOUNG MEN AND WOMEN OF UTAH. 



VOLUME THKEE. 



The Third Volume of the Contributor will commence with the October, 
1881, number. Each number will contain Thirty-two pages of choice reading 
matter. The volume will make a fine library book of nearly Four Hundred 
Pages. 

The success attending the first and second years of this Magazine justifies the 
prediction that the new volume will not be excelled by any home publication. The 
following are a few leading features that will characterize Volume Three: 

SERMONS AND WRITINGS OF THE PROPHET JOSEPH SMITH. 

These will appear in each number, being carefully selected from the discourses 
and compositions delivered during the last four years of the Prophet's Life. They 
are upon a variety of important doctrinal subjects, and are full of light and truth, 
communicated in the most thrilling sentences, which distinguished the delivery of 
their inspired author. 

In connection with the Sermons will be published short Biographical Sketches 
of Joseph and Hyrum Smith. Illustrated with 

TWO MAGNIFICENT STEEL PLATE ENGRAVINGS. 

These engravings are said by the most competent judges to be the finest and 
most accurate portraits of the Prophet and Patiiarch ever published. They are full 
page pictures, printed in the most artistic manner, and are alone worth half the 
price of subscription charged for the Magazine. 

The volume wdl contain Historical Sketches of the Buchanan Campaign of 
1857, being an account of the causes and notable incidents of the Echo Canon War, 
taken from original documents. There is no epoch of the history of Utah more ro- 
mantic and interesting than the period treated upon in this series. 

Historical, Biographical, Scientific, Literary and Miscellaneous matter, from 
the pens of Utah's young people and other writers, will add to the value of the new 
volume. 

The Department devoted to Association Intelligence will be much improved, 
containing, besides minutes of important meetings^ Queries and Answers, Brief 
Correspondence, Model Programmes, etc. 

All the members of Associations are requested to employ this depa'tmentin 
asking any proper questions that they may desire. 

Officers of Associations are urgently solicited to take an active biterest in the 
Magazine, writing and procuring suitable matter for its columns, a. id doing all in 
their power to extend its circulation among the people. 

Presidents of the Y. M. M. I. A. will please act as agents. 

TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION, INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE: 

One Year— including Engravings, ------ Two Dollars. 

Six Months, " " - - One Do'lar and a Half. 

Steel Engravings of Joseph and Hyrum Smith, India mounted on cards, 9x12 
inches, for framing, One Dollar and a Half per pair. 

Agents getting up clubs of Fifteen Annual Subscribers will receive an ex- 
tra copy and a pair of Engravings for framing, free. 

Associations getting up clubs of Ten will receive an extra copy free. 

Address: Junius F. Wells, Editor and Publisher, 

P. O. Box 305. Salt Lake City, Utah. 

Office, first door north of Z. C. M. I. 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 




I u 






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HAVE RECEIVED FOR THE 



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A COMPLETE STOCK OF 






mm 



IT 1 "" 



M 






At the £<t>west Market JPriccs. 



WM. JENNINGS & SONS.